Now showing items 945-964 of 1519

    • Palestinian Islamist movements: An annotated bibliography 

      Bangstad, Sindre (CMI report, Research report, 2002)
      This report consists of two parts. Part one gives an overview of the Islamist movements in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The second part is a select bibliography of the main academic works in English on these ...
    • Palestinian State-Formation: Prospects and Challenges. Report from a Symposium at Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen, Norway 24-25 May 2004 

      Kårtveit, Bård (Research report, Research report, 2004)
      The CMI - Muwatin symposium, held in Bergen on 24-25 May 2004, addressed both internal and external Internal challenges that were addressed were the problem of corruption, institutional mismanagement and the emergence of ...
    • Palestinian Women: Is there a Unitary Conception of Rights? 

      Kjøstvedt, Hilde (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      Palestinian women’s participation in the resistance against the Israeli occupation, most notably during the first Intifada (1987-93), has been characterised as broad and active, particularly at grass roots level. This ...
    • Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; El-Nagar, Samia; Bamkar, Sharifa (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7, Report, 2017-09-01)
      Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the National Child Act miserably failed to materialize. ...
    • Para quando as autarquias em Angola? Se desafios são os mesmos, porquê adiar constantemente a sua implementação? 

      Pestana, Nelson; Orre, Aslak (Angola Brief vol. 4 no. 8, Report, 2014-08-11)
      A Constituição de 2010, na sequência da Lei constitucional de 1992, reafirmou e aclarou “o princípio da descentralização político-administrativa” (artigo 213º, 1, CRA). O Presidente da República reconheceu recentemente a ...
    • Parliamentary-Executive Relations in Malawi 1994-2004 

      Patel, Nandini; Tostensen, Arne (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      This article addresses the relationship between the legislative and executive branches of government in Malawi during the multi-party era from 1994 until 2004. The argument is threefold. First, the presidential nature of ...
    • Parliament of Bangladesh: Boycotts, business, and change for the better 

      Amundsen, Inge (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 2, Report, 2012-04-11)
      The monumental building of the Parliament of Bangladesh is retracted in a park in the heart of Dhaka, and gives the impression of a powerful institution. In constitutional terms, it is indeed powerful. Bangladesh is among ...
    • Participation, representation and taxation: why collect taxes in oil rich Angola 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (Conference object, 2011-06-01)
    • Partidos políticos em Angola: Na tendência africana 

      Amundsen, Inge (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 10, Report, 2011-06-20)
      A política em Angola é normalmente explicada fazendo referência à sua longa e devastadora guerra civil. As eleições adiadas, a dominância do Presidente da República e do partido no poder, e os resultados das eleições são ...
    • Past, present and future: Fifty years of anthropology in Sudan 

      Assal, Munzoul A. M.; Abdul-Jalil, Musa Adam (Book, 2015-03-01)
      This book is about the history of anthropology in Sudan. Contributors to the book represent different generations of anthropologists who at some point in time either taught at the department in Khartoum or had some sort ...
    • Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa: The Continued Threat of Famine 

      Helland, Johan (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2000)
      This paper discusses the current food security crisis in the pastoral areas of the Horn of Africa. It tries to explain the recurrent famines with reference to same important features of pastoralism as a production system, ...
    • Patterns of foreign direct investment in poor countries 

      Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2000)
      This paper introduces endogenous adoption costs for productive assets in a Ramsey type growth model with international capital flows. There are two classes of productive assets: owner-specific and location-specific. Adoption ...
    • Pawns of peace. Evaluation of Norwegian peace efforts in Sri Lanka, 1997-2009 

      Sørbø, Gunnar M.; Goodhand, Jonathan; Klem, Bart; Nissen, Ada Elisabeth; Selbervik, Hilde (Evaluation report no. 5/2011, Research report, 2011-11-01)
      This evaluation assesses Norway’s peace efforts in Sri Lanka from 1997 to 2009. It tells the story of Norway’s engagement, assesses the effects and identifies broader implications and lessons. The analysis is based on ...
    • Pay for Honesty? Lessons on Wages and Corruption from Public Hospitals 

      Savedoff, William D. (U4 Brief 2008:13, Report, 2008-05-02)
      Theft, graft, absenteeism and soliciting bribes in the health sector in developing countries is often blamed on low pay. But does low pay actually explain corruption? Several studies of public hospitals in Latin America ...
    • Peacebuilding: Lessons for Afghanistan 

      Suhrke, Astri; Harpviken, Kristian Berg; Knudsen, Are; Ofstad, Arve; Strand, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      This report examines lessons from previous peacebuilding efforts in Afghanistan, and from other countries, in order to highlight issues of central relevance for the present phase of peacebuilding and economic recovery. It ...
    • Peacebuilding in post-war situations: Lessons for Sudan 

      Sørbø, Gunnar M. (Research report, Research report, 2004)
      This report examines lessons from peacebuilding efforts during the last decade or so that are relevant to the current challenges in Sudan. While there is an emphasis on governance interventions, it is argued more generally ...
    • Peacemaking, Customary Laws and Institutions in Dārfūr 

      Ali, Osman Mohamed Osman; Takana, Yousif Suliman Saeed (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:6, Working paper, 2016-10-01)
      The traditional native justice system in Darfur has an advantage over the modern state judicial one; it has proved its relevance for effectively managing and resolving conflicts, particularly in the rural communities, ...
    • Peace Processes and Statebuilding: Economic and Institutional Provisions of Peace Agreements 

      Suhrke, Astri; Wimpelmann, Torunn; Dawes, Marcia (Research report, 2007-06-26)
      This report originates in the growing international engagement in statebuilding and postconflict reconstruction during the past decade. The 2005 Paris declaration of the OECD referred to an emerging international consensus ...
    • Peace without Unity: The Dilemma of Reconciling Divergent Perspectives in Post-Conflict Sudan 

      El-Battahani, Atta (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 4, Working paper, 2008-02-20)
      Maintaining and promoting conflict-ridden Sudan as a unified entity has emerged as a central plank in the agenda of most, if not all, parties to the ongoing political conflict since the 1950s. Indeed, each of the major ...
    • Peoples' views of taxation in Africa: A review of research on determinants of tax compliance 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Schulz-Herzenberg, Collette; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:7, Working paper, 2012-10-10)
      What are the key determinants of taxpayer compliance? And which features of citizen-state relations govern attitudes and behaviour regarding taxation? This paper examines the analytical foundation, methodological approaches ...