• A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • “A Civil-Military Alliance”: The Venezuelan Armed Forces before and during the Chávez era 

      Strønen, Iselin Åsedotter (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:4, Working paper, 2016-05-01)
      Executive summary When Hugo Chávez (1954–2013) came to power in Venezuela in 1998, the military was bestowed with a new — and controversial — role in society. Being a former career military himself, a central tenant of ...
    • A Contradictory Mission? NATO from Stabilization to Combat in Afghanistan 

      Suhrke, Astri (International Peacekeeping vol. 15 no. 2 April, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2008-05-01)
      Between 2001 and 2007, the United States and NATO gradually abandoned the commitment to a light military footprint in Afghanistan, initially adopted to avoid making the same mistakes as the Soviet Union. A heavy footprint, ...
    • A cost-benefit framework for allocating SPS-related technical assistance 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures designed to protect human, animal and plant health, constitute a significant barrier to exports of agricultural products from developing countries. Though the WTO Agreement on the ...
    • A Critique of the Humanitarian (B)order of Things 

      De Lauri, Antonio (Journal of Identity and Migration Studies vol. 13 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-01)
      The reification of humanitarian borders generates a politics of crisis that weakens the capacity to produce structural political changes and legitimizes exceptionalism and the reproduction of hierarchized borders. In this ...
    • A Different Yardstick: The Gendered Political Discourse in Malawi 

      Lora-Kayambazinthu, Edrinnie; Shame, Edith Kalilombe (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 5, Report, 2016-04-01)
      The 2014 election campaign in Malawi focussed on gender rather than facts. In this brief we argue that the campaign showed a strong, conservative, culturally driven bias against Banda and other women leaders. the discourse ...
    • A Discussion of Three Theoretical Approaches to Modernity: Understanding Modernity as a Globalising Phenomenon 

      Tjomsland, Marit (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      The paper compares the potential of three theories of modernity for explaining the current Islamist revival as an element of modernising Muslim societies. The theories discussed are rationalist fundamentalism as represented ...
    • A Hawk in Dove’s Feathers: Colombian Civil-Military Relations Under Santos 

      McNeish, John-Andrew (CMI Insight 2015:1, Report, 2015-02-13)
      Colombian president Juan Manual Santos has claimed a new approach to security politics in the violence-ridden South American nation. This Insight reviews Santos’ approach to civil military relations, and suggests that ...
    • A Hobbled Democracy. The Kenya General Elections 1992 

      Andreassen, Bård-Anders; Geisler, Gisela; Tostensen, Arne (Research report, Research report, 1993)
      On 29 December 1992 the first multi-party elections since 1966 were held in Kenya. This report provides a critical assessment of the circumstances surrounding that event. The irregularities and problems encountered in the ...
    • A joint response to corruption in Uganda: Donors beginning to bite? 

      de Vibe, Maja (U4 Practice Insight 2012:1, Report, 2012-03-12)
      Given the stagnating trend on corruption in Uganda and the need to consolidate accountability reforms ahead of the inflow of oil revenues, international development partners developed a Joint Response to Corruption in early ...
    • A mixed bag: Norway's support for women and girls' rights and gender equality in international development 

      Tvedten, Inge (Evaluation Department Brief, Research report, 2015-01-01)
    • A new conservative social movement? Latin America’s regional strategies to restrict abortion rights 

      Malca, Camila Gianella; Sieder, Rachel; Peñas, Angelica; Machado, Marta Rodriguez de Assis (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 5, Report, 2017-06-01)
      Despite increased evidence of international lobbying groups working to restrict sexual and reproductive health and rights policies at international bodies such as the United Nations, little is known about transnational ...
    • A Peace Nation Takes Up Arms. The Norwegian Engagement in Afghanistan 

      Harpviken, Kristian Berg (PRIO Paper, Research report, 2011-01-01)
      What have been the main drivers of Norway’s approach to the post-9/11 international engagement in Afghanistan? This paper considers two main types of driver. First, it examines the importance of threat to domestic security, ...
    • A pobreza urbana em Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson; Jul-Larsen, Eyolf; Agostinho, Mateus (CMI Report R 2018:7, Research report, 2018-04-01)
      A capital de Angola, Luanda, é uma cidade com fortes desigualdades e contrastes. Embora ofereça oportunidades e riqueza para uns poucos, as pessoas que vivem nos musseques informais estão efectivamente encurraladas na ...
    • A Promising Experience: Building Peace through Community Development 

      Samset, Ingrid (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 3, Report, 2007-01-01)
      Mainstream peacebuilding approaches tend to assume that a conflict settlement must be in place before the process of social and economic development can begin. Humanitarian rather than development aid is therefore the norm ...
    • A qualitative reframing of private sector corruption: Considerations from the natural resource sectors in South Africa 

      Bracking, Sarah (U4 Issue 2013:7, Research report, 2013-08-02)
      The currently used concept of private sector corruption does not cover new types of corruption that have emerged in response to the increasing complexity of the public-private boundary and the effects of more liberalized ...
    • A reforma tributária do sector não petrolífero em Angola: No caminho certo ou a perder o dinamismo? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Jensen, Søren Kirk; Paulo, Francisco Miguel (Angola Brief vol. 4 no. 4, Report, 2014-04-08)
      Desde 2010, Angola está a implementar uma reforma tributária que visa aumentar as suas receitas fiscais não petrolíferas. Este brief aborda os principais feitos da reforma à partir do segundo semestre de 2012 quanto à ...
    • A Reluctant Warrior. The German Engagement in Afghanistan. 

      Harsch, Michael F. (PRIO Paper, Research report, 2011-01-01)
      Germany’s engagement in Afghanistan post -9/11 is a milestone in German foreign policy. It is historically significant, as it marks the first deployment of German combat troops outside Europe since World War II. It has ...
    • A review of development trends in the energy sector of Bangladesh 

      Murshid, K.A.S.; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2001)
      This is the second report under the CMI/NCG contract for strengthening the country-specific knowledge base of NORAD and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This energy review examines the gas and power sectors in ...
    • A review of game theoretic models of fishing 

      Sumaila, Ussif Rashid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      Game theory is a formal tool for analysing strategic interaction between a finite number of agents. The fact that usually more than one entity or agent has property rights to fishery resources, has led to an explosion in ...