Now showing items 1797-1816 of 1919

    • Unpacking the concept of political will to confront corruption 

      Brinkerhoff, Derick W. (U4 Brief 2010:1, Report, 2010-05-14)
      Quite often, "lack of political will" is identified as the culprit for poorly performing anti-corruption programmes. Yet despite the frequency with which it is used to explain unsatisfactory reform outcomes, political will ...
    • Unpleasant homecoming: The predicament of returning pastoralists from South Sudan to Aljabalain Area, White Nile State 

      Abdul-Jalil, Musa Adam (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2018:1, Working paper, 2018-04-01)
      In many countries around the world (especially in Africa), the livelihood of pastoralists depends largely on trekking over vast areas of land in constant search of water and pasture for their animals. This nomadic life ...
    • Unready for REDD+? Lessons from corruption in Ugandan conservation areas 

      Cavanagh, Connor (U4 Brief 2012:3, Report, 2012-06-05)
      This U4 Brief extracts lessons from recent Ugandan experiences with conservation areas and corruption. A case involving the World Bank/Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Ugandan Ministry of Trade, Tourism, and Industry ...
    • UNRWA, funding crisis and the way forward 

      Berg, Kjersti G.; Jensehaugen, Jørgen; Tiltnes, Åge A. (CMI Report R 2022:04, Research report, 2022-09-01)
      Summary This commissioned report has two main aims: First, providing a description of what UNRWA is, including its history, mandate and services, with particular emphasis on the recent funding deficit and how that has ...
    • Updating the Input Output based Macmod functions 

      Granberg, Per (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2002)
      The present paper reports on a statistical effort undertaken for the Macmod project. It reports on the revision and updating of the Tanzanian Input-Output table for 1992. These IO activities are undertaken in order to ...
    • Urban Dimensions of Donors' Poverty-Reduction Strategies 

      Tostensen, Arne (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2002)
      This paper examines the extent to which the poverty-reduction strategies of selected multilateral and bilateral donors incorporate an urban poverty dimension. Key policy documents of multilaterals such as the World Bank, ...
    • Urban Displacement in Lebanon: Syrians in Tripoli 

      Forster, Robert; Abdalkader, Abdalkarim Fares (CMI Report 2021:5, Research report, 2021-11-01)
      Living conditions among Syrians in Tripoli, Lebanon, have deteriorated since 2011. Syrian refugee households that achieved some degree of stability after self-settlement reported an upheaval in livelihoods amidst declining ...
    • Urban poverty and inequality in Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17, Report, 2016-11-01)
      This brief shows that the poor in Angola’s capital Luanda are effectively trapped in poverty through material deficiencies, limited income opportunities and with crime and prostitution sometimes being the only way out. At ...
    • Urban poverty in Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson; Jul-Larsen, Eyolf; Agostinho, Mateus (CMI Report R 2018:6, Research report, 2018-04-01)
      Angola’s capital Luanda is a city of stark inequalities and contrasts. While it offers opportunities and wealth for the few, people in the informal musseques are effectively trapped in poverty through limited income ...
    • Urban space and poverty in Maputo, Mozambique 

      Tvedten, Inge; Roque, Sandra; Bertelsen, Bjørn Enge (CMI Brief vol. vol 12 no. 2, Report, 2013-06-01)
      This is the first of a series of policy briefs relating to a research project, “The Ethnography of a Divided City: Socio-politics, Poverty and Gender in Maputo, Mozambique” (2012–2015), funded by the Norwegian Research ...
    • Using Corruption Risk Assessments for REDD+: An Introduction for Practitioners 

      Williams, Aled (U4 Issue 2014:1, Research report, 2014-01-03)
      Corruption Risk Assessments (CRAs) are both an analytic and due diligence exercise to identify issues associated with, contributing to, or otherwise facilitating corruption in a particular setting. An area where improved ...
    • Using financial performance indicators to promote transparency and accountability in health systems 

      Vian, Taryn; Collins, David (U4 Brief 2006:1, Report, 2006-01-01)
      This case-based brief presents experiences of district health management teams in South Africa, where interventions to improve district health planning and reporting, including the integration of financial data and service ...
    • Using money laundering investigations to fight corruption in developing countries: Domestic obstacles and strategies to overcome them 

      Fontana, Alessandra; Pereira, Pedro Gomes (U4 Issue 2012:9, Research report, 2012-11-26)
      Anti-money laundering systems have the potential to curb the use of proceeds of corruption and other crimes by the perpetrators. An effectively implemented anti-money laundering framework limits the channels through which ...
    • Using power and influence analysis to address corruption risks: The case of the Ugandan drug supply chain 

      Camargo, Claudia Baez (U4 Brief 2012:6, Report, 2012-07-27)
      Power and influence analysis can be used to assess corruption vulnerabilities in the public sector. This approach helps identify powerful stakeholders that should be engaged to achieve maximum impact for anti-corruption ...
    • Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus; Bell, Clive (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:6, Working paper, 2017-06-01)
      This paper develops a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in, a parcel of land reach their decisions when credit and land markets function imperfectly. The results ...
    • Utdrag av norsk flyktningdebatt 1985-1995. Eit styrande perspektiv? 

      Tjore, Gro (Research report, Research report, 1997)
      The report gives an overview of the main trends and changes in Norwegian refugee policy since 1945. The focus is on the more recent Norwegian political debate concerning refugee questions. Two major political actors, the ...
    • Value-Added Taxation in Tanzania? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1995)
      Is Tanzania ready for a value-added tax (V AT)? The purpose of this paper is to answer this and other related questions that are often asked about value-added taxation in developing countries, to consider how a V AT might ...
    • VAT receipt lotteries: Can they increase tax revenues in Sub-Saharan Africa? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Hellar, George; Mdee, Ephraim; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Somville, Vincent (CMI Insight 2021:8, Report, 2021-09-01)
      Value Added Tax accounts for about a fourth of all tax revenues in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), but studies show that there is potential to collect substantially more revenues from the VAT in most countries in the region. ...
    • Veiled nannies and secular futures in France 

      Jacobsen, Christine M. (Ethnos, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      This article focuses on recent French efforts to expand legal regulation of religious symbols to childcare. Controversies over ‘veiled nannies’ serve as points of departure for investigating laïcité – French secularism – ...
    • Verdensbankens strukturtilpasningsprogrammer: Virkninger og politiske linjeskift 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2003)
      Dette notatet bidrar til den offentlige debatten om Verdensbankens rolle langs to dimensjoner. Først defineres de mest sentrale elementene i strukturtilpasningspolitikken og det blir stilt opp en oversikt over de ulike ...