• Beyond conflictual peacebuilding 1.11.14 

      Strand, Arne (Others, 2014-01-01)
      The term "conflictual peacebuilding" was used to describe the situation in Afghanistan by the early 2000, now in 2014 is the term revisied and discussed against the actual situation and lacking progress on securing a peace ...
    • Beyond cultural relativism? Tim Ingold's "ontology of dwelling" 

      Knudsen, Are J. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      Tim Ingold has emerged as perhaps the most interesting theoretician of Man-Environment relations. This essay traces the intellectual history of the study of environmental perceptions and Ingolds rejection of the notion ...
    • Beyond Islamist Extremism: Women and the Algerian Uprisings of 2019 

      Tripp, Aili Mari (CMI Brief no. 2019:09, Report, 2019-10-01)
      February 22, 2019, marked a watershed moment in Algeria’s history, and a key moment in the struggle for women’s rights. For the first time since its independence 57 years ago, massive protests swept the country and were ...
    • Beyond numbers? Women's 25% parliamentary quota in post-conflict Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv (Peace, Conflict and Development vol. 17, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011-08-01)
      This article explores the validity of critical mass theory in the context of a 25% women’s quota in the national parliament in post-conflict Sudan. It is being argued here that the implementation of a women’s ...
    • Beyond the code of conduct: Building ethical competence in public officials 

      Whitton, Howard (U4 Brief 2009:19, Report, 2009-09-08)
      Can Codes of Conduct set realistic ethical standards for officials? Can training in ethics and professional standards make any practical difference in the way public officials behave? Can the notions of ‘ethical competence’ ...
    • Beyond the Permitted Indian? Bolivia and Guatemala in an Age of Neoliberal Developmentalism 

      McNeish, John-Andrew (Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies vol. 3 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2008-01-01)
      This paper outlines and discusses the contrasting histories of inclusion and contestation associated with the introduction of neoliberal and multicultural policies in Bolivia and Guatemala. In drawing out and discussing ...
    • Beyond the surge: Policy options for Afghanistan 

      Seminar Report (Research report, Research report, 2009)
      The surge in the US presence in Afghanistan, announced by President Barack Obama soon after taking office, is unfolding rapidly. What does this ‘surge’ signify? Is it a commitment to achieve what Obama calls ‘the achievable ...
    • Bistand og næringsutvikling. Noen kommentarer til St. meld. nr. 19 (1995-96) 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      St. meld. nr. 19 (1995-96) tar til orde for en sterkere binding av bistandsmidlene til norske eksportleveranser og norske investeringer i u-land. Meldingen tar videre til orde for at bistandssamarbeidet skal utvides til ...
    • Bistand til et land, et parti og en elite 

      Orre, Aslak (Others, 2007-01-01)
      Den norske ambassadøren i Mosambik skrev nylig under en avtale om et partnerskap med den mosambianske staten for å bidra til utvikling og fattigdomsreduksjon. Mosambik er fortsatt blant land med mest fattigdom, på tross ...
    • Bistands-Høyre 

      Tvedten, Inge (Others, 2012-01-01)
      Inge Tvedten, Seniorforsker, CMI Høyres utspill . Høyre har lagt fram et forslag til ny bistandspolitikk med fokus på reduksjon, konsentrasjon og endring av virkemidler, til sterke protester fra den rød-grønne regjerningen ...
    • Bistandsforsking til nytte 

      Mæstad, Ottar (Others, 2011-01-01)
    • Blood Elections: Presidential election in Syria within the Red Regime Lines 

      Jørum, Emma (CMI Insight 2014:4, Report, 2014-06-01)
      The oppositional groups called the June 3 presidential election “blood elections” because of the huge numbers of lives lost during the three years of war. When pro-regime voters marked their ballots with blood instead of ...
    • Boikott til hvilken pris? Barns situasjon i Irak og Burundi. Rapport for Redd Barna 

      Dia, Mona (Research report, Research report, 1998)
      This report, commissioned by Save the Children, Norway, discusses the impact of international sanctions on children's situation in Iraq and Burundi. The report recognises that sanctions raise the ethical question of whether ...
    • Bons et mauvais usages des programmes sociaux : le cas des transferts monétaires conditionnels 

      Alcázar, Lorena (U4 Brief 2011:16, Report, 2011-12-07)
      Les programmes de transferts monétaires conditionnels sont présentés dans le secteur social comme la meilleure méthode de lutte contre la pauvreté. L’autonomie et le pouvoir discrétionnaire les rendent toutefois vulnérables ...
    • Borderland dynamics in the Horn of Africa – Some reflections 

      Manger, Leif (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2015:1, Working paper, 2015-03-01)
      This paper is a broad ranging reflection of the general situation of crisis in the Horn of Africa region. Rather than carry out a conventional anthropological analysis in which local people and communities emerge as “heroes” ...
    • Boredom and Crisis in the Humanitarian Realm 

      De Lauri, Antonio (Anthropology Today vol. 30(6), Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-01-01)
      ‘Humanitarian boredom’ produces its own perspective on the world, providing a ‘point of entry’ to the observation of humanitarianism in practice. In this paper, while problematizing both a general understanding of boredom ...
    • Botswana - 30 years of economic growth, democracy and aid: Is there a connection? 

      Rakner, Lise (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      This report has been commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an input to a proposed study on the impact of aid on Botswana. The report is based on a review of literature focusing on the development of ...
    • Breaking the vicious cycle: Entry points for anti-corruption in inclusive peace processes 

      Hopp-Nishanka, Ulrike; Rogers, Joshua; Humphreys, Calum (U4 Issue 2022:6, Research report, 2022-05-01)
      Corruption and violent conflict feed off each other in a vicious cycle. Peacebuilders can learn how to reinforce transitions from war to peace with a focus on promoting integrity and accountability.
    • Bribes, taxes and regulations: Business constraints for micro enterprises in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Kolstad, Ivar; Nygaard, Knut (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      This paper analyses the business environment for micro enterprises in Tanzania based on survey data. The primary objective of the study is to identify major constraints facing the firms’ business operations. Taxation, ...
    • Bridging Research and Development Assistance. A Review of Danish Research Networks 

      Tostensen, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2006)
      Danida has provided financial support to research networks with a view to creating better synergies between research and policy/operations. Six networks were reviewed in the fields of health; poultry; agriculture; governance, ...