Now showing items 1-20 of 132

    • “A Civil-Military Alliance”: The Venezuelan Armed Forces before and during the Chávez era 

      Strønen, Iselin Åsedotter (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:4, Working paper, 2016-05-01)
      Executive summary When Hugo Chávez (1954–2013) came to power in Venezuela in 1998, the military was bestowed with a new — and controversial — role in society. Being a former career military himself, a central tenant of ...
    • A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement 

      Walelign, Solomon Zena; Lujala, Päivi (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3, Working paper, 2020-02-01)
      Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual ...
    • Abundant in policy, absent in practice? Rethinking 'local ownership' 

      Krogstad, Erlend Grøner (CMI Working Paper WP 2013:1, Working paper, 2013-03-06)
      Local ownership of international statebuilding processes tends to be understood as a quality which is ‘supported’, ‘fostered’, ‘granted’ or ‘stifled’ by foreigners rather than something which is simply taken by the hosts ...
    • Acceso a la justicia para las mujeres indígenas en América Latina 

      Sieder, Rachel; Sierra, María Teresa (CMI Working Paper WP 2011: 2, Working paper, 2011-02-09)
      Este informe ofrece un panorama de los desafíos que mujeres indígenas en América Latina enfrentan cuando acceden a la justicia oficial y a los sistemas de justicia indígena. El mismo se enfoca en los marcos normativos, la ...
    • Access to Formal Banking and Household Finances: Experimental Evidence from India 

      Somville, Vincent; Vandewalle, Lore (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:1, Working paper, 2017-02-01)
      Access to formal banking is spreading across the world. Obtaining a bank account may transform how people manage their finances, and affect their savings and consumption. We report from a field experiment that randomly ...
    • Adultery, rape, and escaping the house: The protection and policing of female sexuality in Afghanistan 

      Wimpelmann, Torunn (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:9, Working paper, 2017-12-01)
      This working paper undertakes an initial survey of the dynamics through which the criminalization of female sexuality structures women’s access to protection against rape in Afghanistan, examining both legislation and ...
    • Afar Resilience Study 

      Helland, Johan (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:6, Working paper, 2015-05-19)
      This paper has been prepared in conjunction with a project for resilience building in Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia under the auspices of the Afar Region Disaster Prevention, Preparedness and Food Security ...
    • Always choosing the oil rents: How leaders in Angola and Venezuela brought their countries to ruin 

      Marsteintredet, Leiv; Orre, Aslak (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:10, Working paper, 2016-11-01)
      Angola and Venezuela are among the most oil dependent countries in the world. When oil prices fell in 2014, these states lost half of their income base. A combined economic, political and social crisis followed. The acute ...
    • Always top-down: Constitutional reforms in Angola 

      Amundsen, Inge (CMI Working Paper 2021:09, Working paper, 2021-12-01)
      Angola amended its constitution yet again in 2021. In official statements, it was done to “strengthen the democratic principles of rule of law and of separation of powers”, but this paper demonstrates that the opposite was ...
    • Angola after dos Santos: Change and continuity 

      Bye, Vegard; Inglês, Paulo; Orre, Aslak (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:8, Working paper, 2021-11-01)
      This publication aims to identify and discuss several political, social, and economic dynamics during the first four years of the Lourenço presidency and assess the arguments suggesting continuity, and those for ...
    • Angola: Religion and repression 

      Amundsen, Inge (CMI Working Paper WP 2022:1, Working paper, 2022-03-01)
      The history of religious repression in Angola stands in sharp contrast to the official representations of religious tolerance. The regime keeps religion under government control, through formal and informal methods, and ...
    • Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency 

      Forstater, Maya (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3, Working paper, 2017-03-01)
      Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since ...
    • Between mutual suspicion and fear. Civil-military relations in Mexico 

      Pérez, Carlos Antonio Flores (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:11, Working paper, 2015-09-01)
      This CMI Working Paper focuses on the relationship between the military, civilian governments and civilian populations in Mexico. It highlights key dynamics since the Mexican revolution (1910-1917) and up until the Ayotzinapa ...
    • Borderland dynamics in the Horn of Africa – Some reflections 

      Manger, Leif (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2015:1, Working paper, 2015-03-01)
      This paper is a broad ranging reflection of the general situation of crisis in the Horn of Africa region. Rather than carry out a conventional anthropological analysis in which local people and communities emerge as “heroes” ...
    • Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador 

      Ekern, Stener (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7, Working paper, 2018-06-01)
      On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’. Situated in the remote and poor province of Morazán, ...
    • Building fiscal capacity in developing countries: Evidence on the role of information technology 

      Ali, Merima; Shifa, Abdulaziz B.; Shimeles, Abebe; Woldeyes, Firew (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:12, Working paper, 2015-11-01)
      Limited fiscal capacity poses a significant challenge in developing countries. To mitigate this challenge, the adoption of electronic tax systems has been at the forefront of tax reforms; however, there is little systematic ...
    • Caste discrimination and barriers to microenterprise growth in Nepal 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:9, Working paper, 2012-11-05)
      Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyzes how caste-based segmentation in the capital and labor markets can act as obstacles to ...
    • Civil society and peace building in Sudan: A critical look 

      Assal, Munzoul A. M. (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:2, Working paper, 2016-05-01)
      Abstract The role of civil society organizations in peace making and peace building is often valorized, especially in countries that witness protracted conflicts. The assumption underlying this valorization is that while ...
    • Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East: A Literature Review 

      Kårtveit, Bård; Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:5, Working paper, 2014-07-01)
      In the 1950s and 1960s, a wave of military coups in the Middle East triggered extensive research on the role of military forces throughout the region. Since the early 1980s however, civil-military relations in the Middle ...
    • Civilian and Military Relations in Turkey: A Historical Survey 

      Kutay, Acar (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:11, Working paper, 2016-12-01)
      This CMI Working Paper presents an analysis of civilian-military relations in Turkey, casting light on institutional, legal and economic aspects that have shaped the military’s role in society. An assessment of contemporary ...