• A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • Fiscal corruption: A vice or a virtue? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Recent literature on tax administration in poor countries suggests that inducing more fiscal corruption may contribute to reducing tax evasion and increasing tax revenues. But does such an intriguing paradox justify policies ...
    • Fiscal corruption: A vice or virtue? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Tungodden, Bertil (World Development vol. 31 no. 8, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2003-01-01)
      Recent literature on tax administration in poor countries suggests there are virtues of allowing fiscal corruption. By strengthening the bargaining power of corrupt tax officers, it is argued that tax evasion may be reduced ...
    • 'Fiscal corruption: a vice or virtue': a reply 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Tungodden, Bertil (World Development vol. 31 no. 8, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2003-01-01)
    • How middle-men can undermine anti-corruption reforms 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Torsvik, Gaute; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2005)
      The anti-corruption reform in the Tanzanian tax bureaucracy in the mid-1990s was apparently a short-lived success. In the wake of the reform, a number of “tax experts” established themselves in the market, many of them ...
    • Human and financial capital for microenterprise development: Evidence from a field and lab experiment 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working Paper WP 2011: 1, Working paper, 2011-02-02)
      Which is the most binding constraint to microenterprise development, human capital or financial capital? To answer this question, we present the first field experiment that jointly investigates these two constraints for ...
    • Not so great expectations: Gas revenue, corruption and willingness to pay tax in Tanzania 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Jahari, Cornel; Mmari, Donald; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 4, Report, 2016-02-01)
      Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. There are high expectations that exploitation of natural resources will substantially increase Tanzania’s national income. This ...
    • Rich Meets Poor - an International Fairness Experiment 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Moene, Karl Ove; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working Paper, Working paper, 2008)
      Why do people in rich countries not transfer more of their income to people in the world’s poorest countries? To study this question and the relative importance of needs, entitlements, and nationality in people’s social ...
    • Teaching business in Tanzania: Evaluating participation and performance 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2009)
      There is increased awareness that success among small scale entrepreneurs in developing countries requires more than microfinance, and that an important limiting factor for business growth is the level of human capital ...
    • Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Mmari, Donald; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:5, Working paper, 2018-01-01)
      Corruption appears to be an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. We report from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania that provides causal evidence on how expectations about future natural ...