• Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania 

      Dupuy, Kendra; Rakner, Lise; Katera, Lucas (CMI Brief no. 2019:02, Report, 2019-05-01)
      Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and translate resource wealth into inclusive ...
    • Democracy matters more than ever: Democracy assistance after the entrance of the "Emerging Southern Powers" in sub-Saharan Africa 

      Helle, Svein-Erik; Rakner, Lise; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 5, Report, 2011-08-26)
      Over the last ten years the new “Emerging Southern Powers” – China, India, Brazil and South Africa – have increased their economic and political engagement in Sub-Saharan Africa. They have introduced new ideas and development ...
    • Democratisation's Third Wave and the Challenges of Democratic Deepening: Assessing International Democracy Assistance and Lessons Learned 

      Rakner, Lise; Menocal, Alina Rocha; Fritz, Verena (ODI Working Papers 1, Research report, 2007-10-10)
      This study focuses on democratisation and democracy assistance in the developing world. It provides an overview of the democratisation processes that have swept across the developing world since the 1980s and explores some ...
    • Do elections imply democracy or autocracy? 

      Rakner, Lise; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 2, Report, 2010-03-25)
      Since the early 1990s, legislative and presidential multiparty elections have taken place in 42 out of Sub Saharan Africa’s 48 states. For a majority, fourth and fifth elections have now been convened, suggesting that ...
    • Grabbing an Election: Abuse of State Resources in the 2011 Elections in Uganda 

      Helle, Svein-Erik; Rakner, Lise (Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges, Chapter, 2014-03-01)
      Elections are an integral part of representative democracies. Well functioning elections contribute to democratic accountability and democratic institutions, which in turn contributes to economic and human development too ...
    • International Democracy Assistance: Key Lessons 

      Rakner, Lise; Menocal, Alina Rocha; Fritz, Verena (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 5, Report, 2007-12-06)
      What are the main challenges facing incipient democratic regimes in the developing world and how can donors best support democratisation in these countries? A recent report from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and ...
    • "No matter how long the winter, spring is sure to follow": The Arab Spring and its effect in sub-Saharan Africa 

      Helle, Svein-Erik; Rakner, Lise; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 4, Report, 2011-08-01)
      In the spring of 2011, dramatic political changes and events took place in the Arab World. The Arab Spring was comprised of popular uprisings and civil unrest across the Arab world. However, during the same period there ...
    • Shaping the tax agenda: Public engagement, lobbying and tax reform in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Ngowi, Prosper; Rakner, Lise (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 5, Report, 2015-07-01)
      Tax reforms are no longer the exclusive domain of the International Monetary Fund, external experts, and the Ministry of Finance. Increasingly, interest groups across Africa shape the tax agenda. Business associations and ...
    • Tax bargains in unlikely places: The politics of Zambian mining taxes 

      Rakner, Lise (The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 4 no. 3, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-01)
      In developed nations, issues of taxation rank high on the agendas of political parties. In Africa’s new democracies taxation does not figure as a central campaign issue. Lack of attention to issues of taxation reflects the ...
    • The budget as theatre - the formal and informal institutional makins of the budget process in Malawi. Final report 

      Rakner, Lise; Mukubvu, Luke; Ngwira, Naomi; Smiddy, Kimberly; Schneider, Aaron (Research report, 2004-01-01)
      What can explain the apparent lack of political will to formulate, implement and monitor the budget process and public financial management in accordance with the overall goals of the Malawi Poverty Reduction Strategy ...
    • The Impact of elections: The case of Uganda 

      Helle, Svein-Erik; Rakner, Lise (Crisis in Autocratic Regimes, Chapter, 2017-01-01)
      The comparative democratization literature is divided on the effects of multiparty elections in non - democratic regimes. Early analyses assumed that elections would lead to democracy, yet more recent studies highlight ...
    • The interplay between poverty and electoral authoritarianism: Poverty and political mobilization in Zambia and Uganda 

      Helle, Svein-Erik; Rakner, Lise (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:3, Working paper, 2012-02-28)
      In this paper we wish to analyze the interplay between the political setting of electoral authoritarianism and economic grievances expressed in particular by an urban poor electorate in Africa. We show that the outcomes ...
    • The perfect enemy: From migrants to sexual minorities 

      Gloppen, Siri; Rakner, Lise (CMI Brief no. 2019:05, Report, 2019-05-01)
      Why did Poland´s conservative government, the Law and Justice Party, launch an attack on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people (LGBT) as part of their 2019 European Parliamentary elections campaign? The ...
    • The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Fundanga, Caleb; Rakner, Lise (Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa, Chapter, 2017-11-01)
      Zambia has a long history of disputed changes of the mining tax regime with damaging effects on the working relations between the Government and the mining sector. A shared assumption has been that profit-related taxes ...
    • The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Fundanga, Caleb; Rakner, Lise (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 2, Report, 2016-01-01)
      Zambia has a long history of disputed changes of the mining tax regime with damaging effects on the working relations between the Government and the mining sector. A shared assumption has been that profit-related taxes ...
    • Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire 

      Muriaas, Ragnhild L.; Wang, Vibeke; Benstead, Lindsay J.; Dulani, Boniface; Rakner, Lise (CMI Brief no. 2019:04, Report, 2019-03-01)