Now showing items 1382-1401 of 1488

    • Unfulfilled hopes. The quest for a minimum marriage age in Yemen, 2009–2014 

      Bang, Anne K. (CMI Report R 2016:3, Research report, 2016-05-01)
      The project Women’s Human Rights and Law Reform in the Muslim World seeks to map family and criminal law reforms in the period 1995-2015 in Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia ...
    • Ungrateful children: migration intensity and remittances in Nepal 

      Libois, François; Somville, Vincent (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:8, Working paper, 2014-07-01)
      Poverty has declined dramatically in Nepal since the end of the conflict. The sharp increase in revenues primarily comes from remittances. From a household’s perspective, choosing the appropriate number of migrants is ...
    • "Unleash the hounds!": Wenn Memes und andere Witzfiguren gegen Trolle in den digitalen Informationskrieg ziehen 

      Johais, Eva; Meis, Mareike (Bilder des Krieges. Darstellung und Kommunikation des Krieges im digitalen Zeitalter, Chapter, 2023-11-01)
      The contribution explores the question how humour can be used as a weapon in the social media battlefield of the Russo-Ukrainian conflict.
    • Uno sguardo al ruolo delle donne giudici nella magistratura afghana tra passato e presente 

      De Lauri, Antonio (Nuovi Autoritarismi e Democrazie: Diritto, Istituzioni, Società (NAD-DIS) vol. 4 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-01)
      The paper discusses some aspects related to the current state of the judicial system in Afghanistan in light of the chaotic evacuations that occurred in the summer of 2021 and the consequent loss of competencies due to ...
    • Unpacking the concept of political will to confront corruption 

      Brinkerhoff, Derick W. (U4 Brief 2010:1, Report, 2010-05-14)
      Quite often, "lack of political will" is identified as the culprit for poorly performing anti-corruption programmes. Yet despite the frequency with which it is used to explain unsatisfactory reform outcomes, political will ...
    • Unpleasant homecoming: The predicament of returning pastoralists from South Sudan to Aljabalain Area, White Nile State 

      Abdul-Jalil, Musa Adam (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2018:1, Working paper, 2018-04-01)
      In many countries around the world (especially in Africa), the livelihood of pastoralists depends largely on trekking over vast areas of land in constant search of water and pasture for their animals. This nomadic life ...
    • Unready for REDD+? Lessons from corruption in Ugandan conservation areas 

      Cavanagh, Connor (U4 Brief 2012:3, Report, 2012-06-05)
      This U4 Brief extracts lessons from recent Ugandan experiences with conservation areas and corruption. A case involving the World Bank/Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Ugandan Ministry of Trade, Tourism, and Industry ...
    • UNRWA, funding crisis and the way forward 

      Berg, Kjersti G.; Jensehaugen, Jørgen; Tiltnes, Åge A. (CMI Report R 2022:04, Research report, 2022-09-01)
      Summary This commissioned report has two main aims: First, providing a description of what UNRWA is, including its history, mandate and services, with particular emphasis on the recent funding deficit and how that has ...
    • Urban Displacement in Lebanon: Syrians in Tripoli 

      Forster, Robert; Abdalkader, Abdalkarim Fares (CMI Report 2021:5, Research report, 2021-11-01)
      Living conditions among Syrians in Tripoli, Lebanon, have deteriorated since 2011. Syrian refugee households that achieved some degree of stability after self-settlement reported an upheaval in livelihoods amidst declining ...
    • Urban poverty and inequality in Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17, Report, 2016-11-01)
      This brief shows that the poor in Angola’s capital Luanda are effectively trapped in poverty through material deficiencies, limited income opportunities and with crime and prostitution sometimes being the only way out. At ...
    • Urban poverty in Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson; Jul-Larsen, Eyolf; Agostinho, Mateus (CMI Report R 2018:6, Research report, 2018-04-01)
      Angola’s capital Luanda is a city of stark inequalities and contrasts. While it offers opportunities and wealth for the few, people in the informal musseques are effectively trapped in poverty through limited income ...
    • Urban space and poverty in Maputo, Mozambique 

      Tvedten, Inge; Roque, Sandra; Bertelsen, Bjørn Enge (CMI Brief vol. vol 12 no. 2, Report, 2013-06-01)
      This is the first of a series of policy briefs relating to a research project, “The Ethnography of a Divided City: Socio-politics, Poverty and Gender in Maputo, Mozambique” (2012–2015), funded by the Norwegian Research ...
    • Using Corruption Risk Assessments for REDD+: An Introduction for Practitioners 

      Williams, Aled (U4 Issue 2014:1, Research report, 2014-01-03)
      Corruption Risk Assessments (CRAs) are both an analytic and due diligence exercise to identify issues associated with, contributing to, or otherwise facilitating corruption in a particular setting. An area where improved ...
    • Using financial performance indicators to promote transparency and accountability in health systems 

      Vian, Taryn; Collins, David (U4 Brief 2006:1, Report, 2006-01-01)
      This case-based brief presents experiences of district health management teams in South Africa, where interventions to improve district health planning and reporting, including the integration of financial data and service ...
    • Using money laundering investigations to fight corruption in developing countries: Domestic obstacles and strategies to overcome them 

      Fontana, Alessandra; Pereira, Pedro Gomes (U4 Issue 2012:9, Research report, 2012-11-26)
      Anti-money laundering systems have the potential to curb the use of proceeds of corruption and other crimes by the perpetrators. An effectively implemented anti-money laundering framework limits the channels through which ...
    • Using power and influence analysis to address corruption risks: The case of the Ugandan drug supply chain 

      Camargo, Claudia Baez (U4 Brief 2012:6, Report, 2012-07-27)
      Power and influence analysis can be used to assess corruption vulnerabilities in the public sector. This approach helps identify powerful stakeholders that should be engaged to achieve maximum impact for anti-corruption ...
    • Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus; Bell, Clive (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:6, Working paper, 2017-06-01)
      This paper develops a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in, a parcel of land reach their decisions when credit and land markets function imperfectly. The results ...
    • VAT receipt lotteries: Can they increase tax revenues in Sub-Saharan Africa? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Hellar, George; Mdee, Ephraim; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Somville, Vincent (CMI Insight 2021:8, Report, 2021-09-01)
      Value Added Tax accounts for about a fourth of all tax revenues in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), but studies show that there is potential to collect substantially more revenues from the VAT in most countries in the region. ...
    • Veiled nannies and secular futures in France 

      Jacobsen, Christine M. (Ethnos, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      This article focuses on recent French efforts to expand legal regulation of religious symbols to childcare. Controversies over ‘veiled nannies’ serve as points of departure for investigating laïcité – French secularism – ...
    • Vers plus d'éthique dans les douanes en Afrique subsaharienne; The pursuit of integrity in customs: experiences from sub-Saharan Africa 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (Afrique Contemporaine vol. 230 no. 2009-2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2009-08-01)
      This paper examines recent experiences from sub-Saharan Africa in combating corruption in customs. It argues that integrity reforms have been too focused on reforming formal institutions, and too little attention has been ...