Community Driven Development in Contexts of Conflict. Concept Paper Commissioned by ESSD, World Bank
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- Bora-import 
Violent conflict represents not only a significant barrie r todevelopment; it also wipes out efforts to improve the situation.Experience from many developing countries has shown thatCommunity Driven Development (CDD) programmes havebeen particularly effective in establishing or expandingessential social services and physical infrastructure at the locallevel. However, using CDD approaches in a conflict context asa means in post-war rehabilitation represents new challenges.When carried out in contexts of past or persistent conflict,CDD projects are confronted with some major challenges:•communities where projects are set may be deeplydivided;•power is unequally distributed;•lines between combatants and civilians may beblurred;•a need to address past traumas may give rise to callsfor inquiries or trials; and•economic recovery and basic services may be urgentlyneeded.Nonetheless, the point of departure in this paper commissionedby the CDD unit of the Environmentally and SociallySustainable Development (ESSD) Network of the World Bank,is that participatory and demand-led development approachesmight potentially address three critical concerns in conflictcontexts:•The need for speedy and cost-effective delivery ofreconstruction assistance.•The need to improve the state-citizen relationship.•The need to create alternative forms of communityorganisation that foster reconciliation betweenfactions of the society.
PublisherChr. Michelsen Institute
R 2003: 11