Now showing items 1-20 of 215

    • A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • Access Regimes and Institutions: The Economic Organisation of the Migrant Popo Fishermen of Pointe-Noire, Congo 

      Bøe, Turid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1999)
      Within Popo society in Pointe Noire, Congo, fishermen seIl their fish to their wives at a price slightly below the local market price. The wives process the fish and re-seIl it in distant markets, making a profit they ...
    • Accountability on the Move. The Parliament of Angola 

      Amundsen, Inge; Abreu, Cesaltina; Hoygaard, Laurinda (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2005)
      The Parliament of Angola was established and elected in 1992 in a watershed election that coincided with the peace process in Angola and the democratisation process in much of Africa. There has still been no second election, ...
    • A Discussion of Three Theoretical Approaches to Modernity: Understanding Modernity as a Globalising Phenomenon 

      Tjomsland, Marit (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      The paper compares the potential of three theories of modernity for explaining the current Islamist revival as an element of modernising Muslim societies. The theories discussed are rationalist fundamentalism as represented ...
    • Administering Uganda's 2006 Multiparty Elections: The Role of the Electoral Commission 

      Makara, Sabiti; Rakner, Lise; Sabastiano, Rwengabo (CMI Working Paper, Working paper, 2008)
      On 23 February, 2006, Ugandan voters could for the first time since 1980 choose a party of their choice rather than select individual candidates within the Nation Resistance Movement (NRM) system. This paper focuses on the ...
    • Afrikas økonomiske krise - finnes det grunnlag for reformer? En elementær innføring 

      Ofstad, Arve (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 1992)
      Dette arbeidsnotatet gir en kort oversikt og innføring i den økonomiske situasjonen for landene i Afrika sør for Sahara. På omtrent alle utviklingsindikatorer ligger de afrikanske landene nederst, både individuelt og som ...
    • Aid, growth and peace: A comparative analysis 

      Suhrke, Astri; Buckmaster, Julia (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2005)
      The paper examines patterns of post-conflict aid in a sample of 14 countries, with in-depth qualitative analysis of seven cases. The study shows that – contrary to the findings of World Bank-supported research in this area ...
    • Aid for trade: A misdirected initiative? 

      Wiig, Arne (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2009)
      Given that the motivation for aid is poverty reduction, I argue that Aid for Trade (AfT) measures need to demonstrate that they are effective and have a potential impact on poverty. The debate about aid for trade measures ...
    • An analysis of Tanzania's 1998 imports. A sector of origin and end use analysis of Tanzania's goods imports, undertaken for the Macmod model 

      Granberg, Per (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2002)
      This paper reports on an analysis made of Tanzania’s 1998 imports, undertaken as part of the Macmod project. The analysis entails the classification of imported goods according to their sector of origin and their end use.
    • Anthropological perspectives on corruption 

      Sissener, Tone Kristin (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      The primary concern of this paper is to present anthropological perspectives on corruption. The emphasis is on how anthropological methods and approaches can contribute to a broader understanding of corruption. International ...
    • A review of game theoretic models of fishing 

      Sumaila, Ussif Rashid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      Game theory is a formal tool for analysing strategic interaction between a finite number of agents. The fact that usually more than one entity or agent has property rights to fishery resources, has led to an explosion in ...
    • A selected survey of traditional and evolutionary game theory 

      Sumaila, Ussif Rashid; Apaloo, Joseph (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2002)
      This note reviews the game theoretic literature with the aim of highlighting the similarities and dissimilarities between what we term traditional game theory and evolutionary game theory. The focus is on the contributions ...
    • Beaten by Bribery: Why not Blow the Whistle? 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      A recent business survey in Norway reveals that firms rarely react to corruption, even when they have lost important contracts as a result. This disinclination to take action is explored in the light of market structures, ...
    • Beyond cultural relativism? Tim Ingold's "ontology of dwelling" 

      Knudsen, Are J. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      Tim Ingold has emerged as perhaps the most interesting theoretician of Man-Environment relations. This essay traces the intellectual history of the study of environmental perceptions and Ingolds rejection of the notion ...
    • Bistand og næringsutvikling. Noen kommentarer til St. meld. nr. 19 (1995-96) 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      St. meld. nr. 19 (1995-96) tar til orde for en sterkere binding av bistandsmidlene til norske eksportleveranser og norske investeringer i u-land. Meldingen tar videre til orde for at bistandssamarbeidet skal utvides til ...
    • Bribes, taxes and regulations: Business constraints for micro enterprises in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Kolstad, Ivar; Nygaard, Knut (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      This paper analyses the business environment for micro enterprises in Tanzania based on survey data. The primary objective of the study is to identify major constraints facing the firms’ business operations. Taxation, ...
    • Bureaucratic Complexity and Impacts of Corruption in Utilities 

      Tøndel, Line; Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2008)
      This paper explores how the relationship between bureaucratic complexity and corruption affects the performance in utilities. We observe considerable variation in the performance of the utilities across countries, also ...
    • Business Corruption, Uncertainty and Risk Aversion 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      The presence of business-corruption in a market provokes firms to make choices between legal business approaches and illegal bribery. The outcome of a chosen strategy will usually be uncertain at the time the decision is ...
    • Can national identity be built on local democracy? 

      Pausewang, Siegfried (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      In Ethiopia, with 85 % of the population in agriculture, most of them illiterate, democratisation has to work against adverse experience: Peasants can refer back to democratic traditions on local level. But their experience ...
    • Cannibalism and the optimal sharing of the North-East Atlantic cod stock: A computation model 

      Armstrong, C.W.; Sumaila, U.R. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      This paper shows how intra-stock relations, such as cannibalism and growth enhancement, define the optimal sharing of a fish resource between heterogeneous harve sting agents. The sharing of resources between different ...