• A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • A review of Ireland Aid's Human Rights and Democratisation Scheme 

      Sørbø, Gunnar M.; Skaar, Elin; Stokke, Hugo (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      In 1997, Ireland Aid (IA) established a Human Rights and Democratisation (HRD) scheme in order to assist projects outside IA’s programme countries. Its broad objective is to assist the development of democratic processes ...
    • Beyond Islamist Extremism: Women and the Algerian Uprisings of 2019 

      Tripp, Aili Mari (CMI Brief no. 2019:09, Report, 2019-10-01)
      February 22, 2019, marked a watershed moment in Algeria’s history, and a key moment in the struggle for women’s rights. For the first time since its independence 57 years ago, massive protests swept the country and were ...
    • Botswana - 30 years of economic growth, democracy and aid: Is there a connection? 

      Rakner, Lise (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      This report has been commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an input to a proposed study on the impact of aid on Botswana. The report is based on a review of literature focusing on the development of ...
    • Democracy and Violence: The Colombian Paradox 

      Tuft, Eva Irene (Research report, Research report, 1997)
      This study argues that the Colombian paradox between formal democracy and endemic political violence is a direct result of the narrow polity established by elite pacts. Through an analysis of the Colombian situation and ...
    • Democracy's shortcomings in anti-corruption 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:10, Working paper, 2012-12-01)
      Citizens of countries with a corrupt political leadership are trapped in a situation, typically characterized by increasing income differences, human rights violations, dysfunctional democracy, limited press freedom, weak ...
    • Development Planning and the Importance of Democratic Institutions in Botswana 

      Danevad, Andreas (Research report, Research report, 1993)
      This study takes an extended look at Botswana, a country which is found to depart from the common pattern of African states and therefore may be considered as something of a special case. By using a state-centred approach, ...
    • Diversification and democracy 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:9, Working paper, 2014-08-01)
      Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy levels, using data from 143 countries. The endogeneity of diversification is ...
    • Do elections imply democracy or autocracy? 

      Rakner, Lise; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 2, Report, 2010-03-25)
      Since the early 1990s, legislative and presidential multiparty elections have taken place in 42 out of Sub Saharan Africa’s 48 states. For a majority, fourth and fifth elections have now been convened, suggesting that ...
    • Do Interest Groups Matter in Economic Policy-Making? Reflections from a Zambian case study 

      Rakner, Lise (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      The current debate within development research strongly emphasise the role of interest groups in developing and sustaining democratic and liberal economic reforms. With this debate as its point of departure, the paper ...
    • Does democracy reduce corruption? 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:4, Working paper, 2011-12-12)
      While democracy is commonly believed to reduce corruption, there are obvious endogeneity problems in measuring the impact of democracy on corruption. This paper addresses the endogeneity of democracy by exploiting the ...
    • Does Parliament Matter in New Democracies? The Case of South Africa 1994-2000 

      Mathisen, Harald W.; Tjønneland, Elling N. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      The role of parliaments is a neglected topic in the study of the democratisation in sub-Saharan Africa. This working paper provides a case study of the South African parliament from the first democratic elections in 1994 ...
    • Eneweyay (Let's Discuss). Report from a training programme for democracy in rural Ethiopia 

      Pausewang, Siegfried (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      Report of a project to teach principles of democracy in a "down-to-earth" way, through discussions with rural and urban people in Ethiopia. The "Ecumenical Training Initiative for Democracy" developed before the elections ...
    • Exploring new political alternatives for the Oromo in Ethiopia. Report from Oromo workshop and its after-effects 

      Pausewang, Siegfried (ed.) (Research report, Research report, 2009)
      This report is intended to stimulate a debate on political alternatives for the Oromo, an ethnic and social group in Ethiopia. It makes documents from an Oromo conference in Bergen at CMI available for the discourse among ...
    • Fighting for Prosperity: Reflections on the Crisis and Politics of Poverty in Bolivia 

      McNeish, John-Andrew (Iberoamericana. Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies vol. 36 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2006-01-01)
    • Funding political parties in emerging African democracies: What role for Norway? 

      Mathisen, Harald; Svåsand, Lars (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      This report addresses the problem of foreign funding of political parties in newly democratised African states. The report identifies some problems associated with the development of political parties in Africa and indicate ...
    • Ghana fant olje - kan det gå bra? 

      Amundsen, Inge (Others, 2012-11-28)
      (Op-ed.) Ghana found oil in 2011 - in modest quantities. With its good management and good governance, there is reason to believe Ghana will avoid falling into the "resource curse" trap.
    • Living in a material world: Political funding in electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-saharan Africa 

      Helle, Svein-Erik (Master thesis, 2011-12-08)
      This thesis investigates the role of political funding in two electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The issue of political funding has been investigated thoroughly in developed democracies in the West, but ...
    • Political Institutions and Economic Reform: Zambia and South Africa in Comparative Context 

      Rakner, Lise; Skålnes, Tor (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      This paper presents the theoretical and methodological framework of a joint research project by Lise Rakner and Tor Skålnes, "Political Liberalisation and Economic Reform in Southern Africa". The project consists of two ...
    • Political Islam in the Middle East 

      Knudsen, Are (Research report, Research report, 2003)
      This report provides an overview of the political Islam in the Middle East, with a special emphasis on the Islamic resurgence in the Levant (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria). Following an introduction ...