Now showing items 677-696 of 1549

    • Intergenerational determinants of occupational choice: The case of international labor migration from Nepal 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus (CMI Working Paper WP 2013:2, Working paper, 2013-01-01)
      We study the deep determinants of occupational choice, with a focus on what appears to be a particularly profitable pathway out of poverty, overseas labor migration. To what extent is this choice constrained by access to ...
    • Intergovernmental fiscal relations in developing countries. A review of issues 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Fiscal decentralisation - the devolution of taxing and spending powers to lower levels of government - has become an important theme of governance in many developing countries in recent years. Accordingly, restructuring ...
    • International anti-money laundering laws. Improving external accountability of political leaders 

      Chaikin, David (U4 Brief 2010 No 4, Report, 2010-08-27)
      The full potential of anti-money laundering regimes (AML) as an anti-corruption tool is yet to be realised. At the international level, AML measures can provide a checks and balances mechanism for political figures who are ...
    • International Assistance for Political Party Development 

      Carothers, Thomas (U4 Issue 2008:1, Research report, 2008-04-21)
      Political party assistance should be a key component of international donors' governance agenda. Efforts to reduce corruption that do not address this domain will be incomplete, as they leave out actors essential to political ...
    • International Democracy Assistance: Key Lessons 

      Rakner, Lise; Menocal, Alina Rocha; Fritz, Verena (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 5, Report, 2007-12-06)
      What are the main challenges facing incipient democratic regimes in the developing world and how can donors best support democratisation in these countries? A recent report from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and ...
    • Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (Report, 2018-09-01)
      Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage in Sudan, which is best described ...
    • Introduction 

      Søreide, Tina; Williams, Aled (Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges, Chapter, 2014-03-01)
      There are many reasons why there are differences across the globe in terms of how well opportunities for development and a good life are secured. One of the things we know, however, is that grabbing, and perceived risks ...
    • Introduction to public sector ethics 

      Amundsen, Inge (Research report, 2009-02-01)
      This paper is the introduction chapter to the compendium on Public Sector Ethics , which is the second of three compendiums developed as a part of the institutional cooperation agreement between the Centro de Estudos e ...
    • Introdução à Ética no Sector Público 

      Amundsen, Inge (Research report, 2009-03-01)
      This paper is the Portuguese version of the introduction chapter to the compendium on Public Sector Ethics; Introdução à Ética no Sector Público . O cooperação institucional entre o Centro de Estudos e Investigação ...
    • Investigate without peril: How to support investigative journalism in East Africa? 

      Bohnstedt, Andrea (U4 Brief 2011:9, Report, 2011-09-01)
      Investigative journalism distinguishes itself from regular journalism by its depth and subject matter, often involving crime, political corruption or corporate wrongdoing. It can play an essential role in a country’s ...
    • Iron fist politics in Colombia: A panorama of destruction 

      Vallejo, Catalina (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 1, Report, 2012-01-23)
      During the last decade many Latin American countries have resorted to mano dura (iron fist) politics and militarisation to combat crime, drugs and subversion. The high number of killed, injured and displaced persons in ...
    • Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan 

      Yahya, Abdelmageed M. (Report, 2020-03-01)
      A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders. This brief ...
    • Is Bonded Labor Voluntary? A Framework against Forced Work 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      UN estimate that 20 million are held in bonded labor. Several economic analyses assert that bonded laborers accept these contracts voluntarily, which could imply that a ban would make such laborers worse off. We question ...
    • Is Bonded Labor Voluntary? Evidence from the Liberation of the Kamaiyas in the Far-Western Region of Nepal 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      The UN estimates that 20 million are held in bonded labor. Several economic analyses assert that bonded laborers accept these contracts voluntarily, which could imply that a ban would make such laborers worse off. We ...
    • Is Fredskorpset an effective instrument for strengthening civil society in developing countries? 

      Tjønneland, Elling N. (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 1, Report, 2016-01-01)
      Fredskorpset, or FK Norway, is one of the instruments for Norwegian development aid support to civil society in developing countries. It promotes mutual learning and sharing of experiences between organisations in different ...
    • Is it the Fault of NGOs Alone? Aid and Dependency in Eastern Sudan 

      Assal, Munzoul A. M. (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2008: 5, Working paper, 2008-06-01)
      Scholars of development studies have long debated the efficacy of humanitarian assistance in the Sudan, especially in eastern Sudan, where humanitarian agencies have been working for more than two decades. Questions about ...
    • Is it wrong to rank? A critical assessment of corruption indices 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      This paper emphasizes the importance of collecting information on corruption, while still stressing critical aspects of the most applied sources of such information, the cross-country composite corruption indices. Are these ...
    • Is mutual accountability feasible? A conceptual discussion with policy implications 

      Hechler, Hannes; Tostensen, Arne (U4 Issue 2012:11, Research report, 2012-12-14)
      Mutual accountability is one of five principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. Yet comparatively little has been written about this principle and how it is operationalised. It remains ill-defined and poorly ...
    • Is worker effort higher in church-based than in government health facilities? 

      Lindkvist, Ida; Mæstad, Ottar (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 11, Report, 2011-10-25)
      A study of diagnostic effort documents low worker effort in both churchbased and government health facilities. Despite a strong perception among patients about good medical quality in church-based health clinics, health ...