Now showing items 866-885 of 1690

    • Litigating the right to heath in India: Can litigation fix a health system in crisis? 

      Wahi, Namita (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 4, Report, 2012-05-31)
      There is a healthcare crisis in India. Health indicators are dismal. 25% of the world’s maternal deaths every year, occur in India. 47% of all children in India are underweight. Health rights litigation has highlighted ...
    • Living in a material world: Political funding in electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-saharan Africa 

      Helle, Svein-Erik (Master thesis, 2011-12-08)
      This thesis investigates the role of political funding in two electoral authoritarian regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa. The issue of political funding has been investigated thoroughly in developed democracies in the West, but ...
    • Living in the Commons: Local Institutions for Natural Resource Management 

      Knudsen, Are J. (Research report, Research report, 1995)
      Garett Hardin' s essay "The Tragedy of the Commons" has for almost three decades stimulated research on common property regimes. This report provides an overview of this research and reviews a selection of empirical and ...
    • Living in two countries: Transnational living as an alternative to migration 

      Carling, Jørgen; Erdal, Marta Bivand; Talleraas, Cathrine (Population, Space and Place, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-01)
      After three decades of scholarship, transnationalism remains understood as connections between people who have migrated and people who remain in the country of origin. Such ties are important and prevalent. But perhaps a ...
    • Lobbying and the shaping of tax policies in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Rakner, Lise (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:07, Working paper, 2021-11-01)
      This paper explores the role of interest groups in shaping tax policies in Tanzania. Tracing the various stages behind the VAT Act 2014 in Tanzania, weighing the various interests, lobbyists and political actors, the study ...
    • Lobbying, corruption and climate finance: The stakes for international development 

      Nest, Michael; Mullard, Saul (U4 Issue 2021:13, Research report, 2021-11-01)
      Lobbying is an important aspect of democracy, but in the area of climate-related development finance it is too often dominated by powerful players. Inclusive lobbying is needed, so that a range of voices are heard. This ...
    • Lobbying: the preconditions of an anti-corruption promise 

      Nownes, Anthony (U4 Issue 2017:8, Research report, 2017-07-01)
      Can lobbying be a realistic and legitimate alternative to corruption in less developed countries? This paper addresses this question by: (1) delineating the differences and similarities between lobbying and corruption; (2) ...
    • Local Content in Tanzania’s Gas and Minerals Sectors: Who regulates? 

      Ovadia, Jesse Salah (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 6, Report, 2017-09-01)
      The implementation of Tanzania’s local content policy for the petroleum and mineral sectors has been hampered by inconsistency, confusion, and un-coordinated donor interventions. There is a need to replace overlapping ...
    • Local content in the Tanzanian mining sector 

      Kinyondo, Abel; Lange, Siri (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 3, Report, 2016-03-01)
      This brief examines the factors that have influenced local content in the Tanzanian mining sector, and some of the challenges and successes of local content initiatives in mining. Local content has gradually gained momentum ...
    • Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation? 

      Kinyondo, Abel; Villanger, Espen (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:6, Working paper, 2016-08-01)
      Abstract Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop local content policies (LCPs) to increase job and business opportunities for nationals in the sector. We ...
    • Local entrepreneurs, networks and linkages to the global economy in Southeast Asia and Africa 

      Bräutigam, Deborah (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1999)
      This paper was originally prepared for the United Nations University/African Economic Research Consortium Conference on Asia and Africa in the Global Economy, Tokyo, August 2-3, 1998. It was revised in the stimulating ...
    • Local Governance, Urban Poverty and Service Delivery in Namibia 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Geisler, Gisela; Nangulah, Selma; Nygaard, Knut; Pomuti, Akiser; Shifotoka, Albertina; Van Rooy, Gert (Research report, Research report, 2005)
      The urbanisation of poverty is one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent, yielding contrasting images of affluent residential and business districts and utter misery in sprawling shantytowns or slums. ...
    • Local Government and Decentralisation in Sub-Saharan Africa. An Annotated Bibliography 

      Børhaug, Kjetil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      A renewed interest in local government and decentralisation in developing countries has emerged in recent years, and many students now turn to this subject. A substantial literature is already available, even if a lot more ...
    • Local government finances and finacial management in Tanzania. Baseline data from six councils, 2000-2003 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2004)
      This report provides baseline data on local government finance and financial management in six councils in Tanzania: Bagamoyo District Council, Ilala Municipal Council, Iringa DC, Kilosa DC, Moshi DC, and Mwanza City ...
    • Local government finances and financial management in Tanzania. Empirical evidence of trends 2000-2007 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Katera, Lucas; Msami, Jamal; Ngalewa, Erasto (Special paper 10/2, Research report, 2010-11-15)
      The paper examines local government capacity with respect to financial management and revenue enhancement, and analyses trends in financial accountability and efficiency for the period 2000–2006/07. The study covers six ...
    • Local government revenue mobilisation in Anglophone Africa 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Heggstad, Kari K. (Others, 2013-01-01)
      Many local governments in Africa have inadequate resources to deliver the services for which they are responsible. This paper examines opportunities and constraints to improving local revenue mobilisation by urban councils ...
    • Local government revenue mobilisation in Anglophone Africa 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Heggstad, Kari (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:6, Working paper, 2012-10-03)
      This paper examines opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilization in Anglophone Africa with an emphasis on urban settings. Specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency, income ...
    • Local government taxation and tax administration in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Semboja, Joseph (Research report, Research report, 1999)
      Local taxes represent less than 5 per cent of total tax revenues in Tanzania. However, the large number of these taxes, together with their unsatisfactory nature, means that their economic, political and social impacts are ...
    • Local government taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review and an agenda for research 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Chambas, Gérard; Brun, Jean-Francois (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:2, Working paper, 2014-03-01)
      This paper reviews the state of knowledge on local government revenue systems in Africa, with a particular focus on commonalties and differences between Francophone and Anglophone countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The ...
    • Local revenue mobilization in urban settings 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (Conference object, 2005-01-01)
      Paper presented at the Workshop on Local Governance and Poverty Alleviation in Africa, African Development Bank, Tunis, 21-24 June 2005