Now showing items 787-806 of 1794

    • Inter-group interaction and attitudes to migrants 

      Bezabih, Mintewab; Bezu, Sosina; Getahun, Tigabu; Kolstad, Ivar; Lujala, Päivi; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:02, Working paper, 2021-02-01)
      Abstract We report results from a randomized field experiment conducted in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, which tests the impact of interaction with migrants on host community members’ attitudes towards migrants. ...
    • Interaction between Health Institutions in Knowledge and Medical Practices in South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains 

      Sharif, Mariam (Book, 2019-04-01)
      This research thesis addresses the challenges confronting the establishment of stable and sufficient health care provision in Heiban Locality in South Kordofan / Nuba Mountains in the aftermath (2002–2011) of the ...
    • Intergenerational determinants of occupational choice: The case of international labor migration from Nepal 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus (CMI Working Paper WP 2013:2, Working paper, 2013-01-01)
      We study the deep determinants of occupational choice, with a focus on what appears to be a particularly profitable pathway out of poverty, overseas labor migration. To what extent is this choice constrained by access to ...
    • Intergovernmental fiscal relations in developing countries. A review of issues 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Fiscal decentralisation - the devolution of taxing and spending powers to lower levels of government - has become an important theme of governance in many developing countries in recent years. Accordingly, restructuring ...
    • Internal climate migration in a new era of scarcity 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Lujala, Päivi; Wiig, Arne (CMI Insight 2022:02, Report, 2022-09-01)
      Hundreds of millions of people in developing countries will have their lives and livelihoods affected by climate change in the coming decades (IPCC 2022). With credible mitigation strategies failing to be implemented, ...
    • International anti-money laundering laws. Improving external accountability of political leaders 

      Chaikin, David (U4 Brief 2010 No 4, Report, 2010-08-27)
      The full potential of anti-money laundering regimes (AML) as an anti-corruption tool is yet to be realised. At the international level, AML measures can provide a checks and balances mechanism for political figures who are ...
    • International Assistance for Political Party Development 

      Carothers, Thomas (U4 Issue 2008:1, Research report, 2008-04-21)
      Political party assistance should be a key component of international donors' governance agenda. Efforts to reduce corruption that do not address this domain will be incomplete, as they leave out actors essential to political ...
    • International Democracy Assistance: Key Lessons 

      Rakner, Lise; Menocal, Alina Rocha; Fritz, Verena (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 5, Report, 2007-12-06)
      What are the main challenges facing incipient democratic regimes in the developing world and how can donors best support democratisation in these countries? A recent report from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and ...
    • Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (Report, 2018-09-01)
      Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage in Sudan, which is best described ...
    • Introducción 

      Wilson, Bruce M.; F., Evelyn Villarreal (El agua como derecho humano: Reconocimientos y disputas en Costa Rica, Chapter, 2022-04-01)
    • Introduction 

      Søreide, Tina; Williams, Aled (Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges, Chapter, 2014-03-01)
      There are many reasons why there are differences across the globe in terms of how well opportunities for development and a good life are secured. One of the things we know, however, is that grabbing, and perceived risks ...
    • Introduction to public sector ethics 

      Amundsen, Inge (Research report, 2009-02-01)
      This paper is the introduction chapter to the compendium on Public Sector Ethics , which is the second of three compendiums developed as a part of the institutional cooperation agreement between the Centro de Estudos e ...
    • Introdução à Ética no Sector Público 

      Amundsen, Inge (Research report, 2009-03-01)
      This paper is the Portuguese version of the introduction chapter to the compendium on Public Sector Ethics; Introdução à Ética no Sector Público . O cooperação institucional entre o Centro de Estudos e Investigação ...
    • Investigate without peril: How to support investigative journalism in East Africa? 

      Bohnstedt, Andrea (U4 Brief 2011:9, Report, 2011-09-01)
      Investigative journalism distinguishes itself from regular journalism by its depth and subject matter, often involving crime, political corruption or corporate wrongdoing. It can play an essential role in a country’s ...
    • Investigating the ethics of investments. An interview with Kjell Kristian Dørum on the work of the Norwegian Council on Ethics 

      Dørum, Kjell Kristian; Schütte, Sofie Arjon (Report, 2022-05-01)
      Norway’s global pension fund invests in 1.3% of all listed companies in the world. Its chief advisor responsible for the fund's ethical guidelines talks about dialogues with companies accused of corruption and possible ...
    • Iron deficiency anemia among children aged 2–5 years in southern Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study 

      Orsango, Alemselam Zebdewos; Habtu, Wossene; Lejisa, Tadesse; Loha, Eskindir; Lindtjørn, Bernt; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S. (PeerJ vol. 9 no. e11649, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-01)
      Background Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common type of nutritional anemia in low-income countries, including Ethiopia. However, there is limited data on iron deficiency anemia prevalence and associated factors in ...
    • Iron fist politics in Colombia: A panorama of destruction 

      Vallejo, Catalina (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 1, Report, 2012-01-23)
      During the last decade many Latin American countries have resorted to mano dura (iron fist) politics and militarisation to combat crime, drugs and subversion. The high number of killed, injured and displaced persons in ...
    • Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan 

      Yahya, Abdelmageed M. (Report, 2020-03-01)
      A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.   This brief traces ...
    • Is Bonded Labor Voluntary? A Framework against Forced Work 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      UN estimate that 20 million are held in bonded labor. Several economic analyses assert that bonded laborers accept these contracts voluntarily, which could imply that a ban would make such laborers worse off. We question ...
    • Is Bonded Labor Voluntary? Evidence from the Liberation of the Kamaiyas in the Far-Western Region of Nepal 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      The UN estimates that 20 million are held in bonded labor. Several economic analyses assert that bonded laborers accept these contracts voluntarily, which could imply that a ban would make such laborers worse off. We ...