Now showing items 447-466 of 1794

    • Diverging Like-Mindedness? Development Policy among the Nordics 

      Kjær, Anne Mette; Tjønneland, Elling; Pettersson, Jan; Karhu, Marikki; Lanki, Jari (Forum for Development Studies vol. 49 no. 3, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-01)
      The ‘Nordic exceptionalism’ in development aid is well known and characterized by its generosity and focus on poverty reduction and sustainable development. However, the individual Nordic countries’ ...
    • Diversification and democracy 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:9, Working paper, 2014-08-01)
      Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy levels, using data from 143 countries. The endogeneity of diversification is ...
    • Diversification and Development,or “White Elephants”? Transport in Angola’s Lobito Corridor 

      Duarte, Ana; Pacheco, Fernando; Santos, Regina; Tjønneland, Elling N. (CMI Report R 2015:07, Research report, 2015-04-01)
      The Angolan government has put much emphasis on rehabilitating and expanding the country’s transport infrastructure. Assisted by oil revenues, foreign construction companies, credits lines and loans Angola has embarked ...
    • Diversification of the Angolan economy 

      da Rocha, Alves; Santos, Regina; Bonfim, Luís; Paulo, Francisco Miguel; Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Insight 2014:5, Report, 2014-09-01)
      Angola has the second most concentrated economy in the world, oil representing more than 97 per cent of its exports in 2011. Concentration has increased since independence in 1975, and since the end of the civil war in ...
    • Divine Intervention: Invoking God in Peace Agreements 

      Forster, Robert; Bell, Christine (Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religion and Peace, Chapter, 2022-07-01)
      Based on an analysis of the religious language found in contemporary peace agreements, Robert Forster and Christine Bell argue in Chapter 44 that such language should not be dismissed as culturally specific rhetoric, but ...
    • Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012 

      Dupuy, Kendra; Prakash, Aseem (Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-01)
      Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the ...
    • Do elections imply democracy or autocracy? 

      Rakner, Lise; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 2, Report, 2010-03-25)
      Since the early 1990s, legislative and presidential multiparty elections have taken place in 42 out of Sub Saharan Africa’s 48 states. For a majority, fourth and fifth elections have now been convened, suggesting that ...
    • Do Interest Groups Matter in Economic Policy-Making? Reflections from a Zambian case study 

      Rakner, Lise (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      The current debate within development research strongly emphasise the role of interest groups in developing and sustaining democratic and liberal economic reforms. With this debate as its point of departure, the paper ...
    • Does Aid to Institution Development Work? Reflections on Personal Experiences 

      Nordbye, Ole David Koht (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      The author has spent dose to ten years as advisor to planning organisations in four developing countries: Pakistan, Kenya, the Sudan and Bangladesh. He raises the question whether the work of the advisory teams resulted ...
    • Does aid work? 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus (CMI Report 2021:11, Research report, 2021-12-01)
      This report attempts to understand why research findings differ on the impacts of foreign aid on in particular economic growth, but as a corollary also on the impacts of aid on poverty and other welfare indicators. The ...
    • Does aid work? Reflections on a natural resources programme in Tanzania 

      Jansen, Eirik G. (U4 Issue 2009:2, Research report, 2009-03-30)
      A former programme officer at the Norwegian Embassy in Tanzania considers challenges to aid effectiveness in a major natural resources programme. After twelve years of support by the Norwegian government totalling about ...
    • Does changing the narrative improve host community attitudes to climate migrants? Experimental evidence from Bangladesh 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Bezu, Sosina; Lujala, Päivi; Mahmud, Minhaj; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:3, Working paper, 2019-01-01)
      A number of studies suggest that our narratives about the situation of the poor and vulnerable affect how we view them and treat them. Theoretically, a potentially powerful way to make host communities more welcoming of ...
    • Does democracy reduce corruption? 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:4, Working paper, 2011-12-12)
      While democracy is commonly believed to reduce corruption, there are obvious endogeneity problems in measuring the impact of democracy on corruption. This paper addresses the endogeneity of democracy by exploiting the ...
    • Does diversification improve institutions in resource rich countries? 

      Wiig, Arne; Kolstad, Ivar (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 5, Report, 2012-12-11)
      Angola is the world’s second most concentrated country in terms of exports. Furthermore, concentration has increased during recent years. Angola also faces the challenge of a resource curse prevalent in resource rich ...
    • Does Parliament Matter in New Democracies? The Case of South Africa 1994-2000 

      Mathisen, Harald W.; Tjønneland, Elling N. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      The role of parliaments is a neglected topic in the study of the democratisation in sub-Saharan Africa. This working paper provides a case study of the South African parliament from the first democratic elections in 1994 ...
    • Does Social Development Affect Poverty? The Role of Participation in Income Dynamics in Indonesia 1993-2000 

      Villanger, Espen (Research report, Research report, 2005)
      The objective of this study is to assess whether there are any effects on household income changes and poverty reduction in Indonesia from living in a community that has a more democratic system of decision making, or from ...
    • Does the Colombian constitutional court undermine the health system? 

      Gianella, Camila (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 7, Report, 2011-09-01)
      Is right-to-health litigation a suitable strategy for advancing the right to health, or does it reinforce inequalities and undermine health authorities in their attempts to control costs and set fair priorities? Colombia ...
    • Doing accountability differently. A proposal for the vertical integration of civil society monitoring and advocacy 

      Fox, Jonathan; Aceron, Joy; Guillán, Aránzazu (U4 Issue 2016:4, Research report, 2016-08-01)
      Civil society accountability initiatives that take into account power structures at multiple levels can produce more lasting institutional change, compared to locally-bounded initiatives that address the symptoms rather ...
    • Doing global investments the Nordic way. The 'business case' for Equinor’s support to union work among its employees in Tanzania 

      Lange, Siri (Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology vol. 88, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
      In the Nordic countries, unions are represented in company boards and can infl uence companies’ policies toward labor abroad. Th is article focuses on the Norwegian national oil company Equinor and its support of ...
    • Donor anti-corruption strategies: Learning from implementation 

      Hart, Liz; Taxell, Nils (U4 Brief 2013:10, Report, 2013-12-19)
      A comparison of U4 partner agencies’ anti-corruption strategies shows that while they take different shapes, their purpose, content and approach is similar. Emphasis is placed on safeguarding donor funds and guiding support ...