Now showing items 1588-1607 of 1710

    • Uganda's 2006 Presidental and Parliamentary Elections 

      Gloppen, S.; Atoo, C.; Kasimbazi, E.; Kibandama, A.; Kiiza, J.; Makara, S.; Okiror, G.; Rakner, L.; Rwengabo, S.; Svåsand, L.; Tabaro, R.; Tostensen, A. (Research report, Research report, 2006)
      This report analyses the 2006 Ugandan presidential and parliamentary election in terms of the broader process starting with the processes of setting the rule for political contestation, through the registration of voters ...
    • UMOJA and the Maputo Festival. Midterm review of the UMOJA Cultural Flying Carpet and the Maputo Festival 

      Lange, Siri; Albertyn, Chris; Bang, Anne; Matsinhe, Melita (CMI Report R 2015:1, Research report, 2015-01-01)
      This review was commissioned by the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Maputo. The Terms of Reference (ToR) for the study says that the team shall visit Mozambique and one of the other six African countries that are part of the ...
    • UN peacekeeping in the Congo: When is the job done? 

      Samset, Ingrid (Noref Policy Brief 6, June, Research report, 2010-06-15)
      On 28 May 2010, the United Nations Security Council made a critical decision on the future of the UN peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Monuc) – the largest and most costly such operation in the ...
    • UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption 

      Tripp, Aili Mari (CMI Brief no. 2020:08, Report, 2020-07-01)
      20 years ago the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325. The resolution underscored the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and called for their equal participation in ...
    • UN support for peacebuilding: Nepal as the exceptional case 

      Suhrke, Astri (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2009)
      In the annals of UN peace operations, the mission in Nepal (UNMIN) appears as an exceptional case. Most peace support operations today are multidimensional – covering the security sector, political transition, relief and ...
    • UNCAC in a nutshell. A quick guide to the United Nations Convention against Corruption for embassy and donor agency staff 

      Hechler, Hannes (U4 Brief 2010:6, Report, 2010-08-01)
      This guide provides an introduction for country-level embassy and donor agency staff on what the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) can mean for their work. The aim is to raise awareness of UNCAC contents ...
    • Uncertainty as a Strategy: Electoral Processes in Zambia 1991-2001 

      Rakner, Lise; Svåsand, Lars (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2003)
      Zambia has held three multiparty elections since its restoration of democracy in 1991. This peaceful transition raised expectations of a smooth process towards democratic consolidation. But similar to experiences from other ...
    • Uncorking the bottlenecks: Using political economy analysis to address court delay 

      Messick, Richard E. (U4 Brief 2015:10, Report, 2015-08-01)
      Long delays in the resolution of court cases are a common problem in both developing and developed countries and impede anti-corruption efforts. Technical solutions such as hiring more judges and reforming cumbersome ...
    • Underdevelopment and labour migration: the contract labour system in Namibia 

      Moorsom, Richard (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      This volume reproduces, with minor changes, a set of previously published papers on the history of the origins, formation and evolution of the contract labour system in Namibia from first commercial contact with industrial ...
    • Understanding Inequality Within Households 

      Almås, Ingvild; Ringdal, Charlotte; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics, Chapter, 2022-12-01)
      To describe and understand the economic inequality in a given society, it is necessary to understand intra-household inequality. This chapter gives an overview of within-household distributions in different settings, both ...
    • Understanding success and failure of anti-corruption initiatives 

      Heeks, Richard (U4 Brief 2011:2, Report, 2011-04-01)
      Most anti-corruption initiatives fail. This Brief sets out to understand why that is, and what might be done about it. Anti-corruption initiatives fail because of over-large “design-reality gaps”; that is, too great a ...
    • Understanding the Lay of the Land: An Institutional Analysis of Petro-Governance in Tanzania 

      Lee, Bryan; Dupuy, Kendra (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:12, Working paper, 2016-12-01)
      Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum reserves, boosting its reserve natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. What is the likelihood that the country’s petroleum resources will translate into ...
    • Understanding the Private Side of Corruption: New Kinds of Transparency, New Roles for Donors 

      Johnston, Michael (U4 Brief 2007:6, Report, 2007-10-09)
      Do we know enough about corruption in the private sector? This Brief discusses gaps in our knowledge and how donors can help tackle the problem. The goal is to improve both the dialogue and outcomes of anti-corruption ...
    • Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Mmari, Donald; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:5, Working paper, 2018-01-01)
      Corruption appears to be an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. We report from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania that provides causal evidence on how expectations about future natural ...
    • Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania 

      Cappelen, Alexander; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Mmari, Donald; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 183, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-01)
      Corruption is considered an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. Based on a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania, this paper studies how the salience of future natural resource revenues shapes ...
    • Une éducation sans corruption : Les leçons tirées d'une initiative conjointe entre l'Etat et la société civile au Pérou 

      Castilla, Samuel Rotta (U4 Brief 2009:13, Report, 2009-08-13)
      Une initiative anti‑corruption récente ciblant le secteur éducatif du Pérou a été lancée conjointement par le Bureau du Médiateur et le Chapitre péruvien de Transparency International, Proética. Cette initiative cherchait ...
    • Unfulfilled hopes. The quest for a minimum marriage age in Yemen, 2009–2014 

      Bang, Anne K. (CMI Report R 2016:3, Research report, 2016-05-01)
      The project Women’s Human Rights and Law Reform in the Muslim World seeks to map family and criminal law reforms in the period 1995-2015 in Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia ...
    • Ungrateful children: migration intensity and remittances in Nepal 

      Libois, François; Somville, Vincent (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:8, Working paper, 2014-07-01)
      Poverty has declined dramatically in Nepal since the end of the conflict. The sharp increase in revenues primarily comes from remittances. From a household’s perspective, choosing the appropriate number of migrants is ...
    • Universitet og forskning i Sør-Afrika. Utfordringar etter apartheid og akademisk boikott 

      Tjønneland, Elling Njål (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 1992)
      Dette notatet gir ein gjennomgang av universitets- og forskingssektoren i Sør-Afrika. Hovudutfordringane for universiteta i eit nytt og demokratisk Sør-Afrika blir identifisert, og forskingas rolle og organisering av denne ...
    • Unpacking the concept of political will to confront corruption 

      Brinkerhoff, Derick W. (U4 Brief 2010:1, Report, 2010-05-14)
      Quite often, "lack of political will" is identified as the culprit for poorly performing anti-corruption programmes. Yet despite the frequency with which it is used to explain unsatisfactory reform outcomes, political will ...