Now showing items 1147-1166 of 1710

    • Productivity of health workers: the case of Tanzania 

      Mæstad, Ottar; Mwisongo, Aziza (Others, 2011-01-01)
    • Professional Agency in the Ecology of Wrongdoing 

      Harrington, Brooke; School, Copenhagen Business (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:8, Working paper, 2018-06-01)
      This study offers an account of individual agency within a constructivist view of professional wrongdoing. The main contribution is a model in which the neglected role of individual professionals is foregrounded, offering ...
    • Profiting from corruption: The role and responsibility of financial institutions 

      Palmer, Robert (U4 Brief 2009:31, Report, 2009-12-09)
      This U4 Brief assesses how banks facilitate illicit capital flows from developing countries. The shortcomings of the existing regulatory frameworks are discussed, and recommendations are made for donor governments on what ...
    • Profitt eller moral? Ein diskusjon om næringslivsinteresser og menneskerettar 

      Skaar, Elin (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      Koplinga mellom menneskerettar og næringslivsinteresser har for alvor vorten satt på dagsorden dei siste par åra. I stadig sterkare grad vert det stilt krav til bedriftane om at dei ikkje kan forhalda seg passivt til brot ...
    • Programmes for assisted return to Afghanistan, Iraqi Kurdistan, Ethiopia and Kosovo: A comparative evaluation of effectiveness and outcomes 

      Strand, Arne; Bendixsen, Synnøve Kristine Nepstad; Lidén, Hilde; Paasche, Erlend; Aalen, Lovise; Kefale, Asnake; Khadir, Sara; Kurdistani, Ali; Limani, Hana; Sarwari, Akbar (CMI Report R 2016:2, Research report, 2016-05-01)
      Norway encourages assisted return for persons without legal residence permits in Norway and for those who wish to return to their country of origin. Those who apply for assisted return receive help with the application ...
    • Project Leaf and addressing corruption in REDD+ 

      Standing, André; Stewart, Davyth (U4 Brief 2013:3, Report, 2013-09-11)
      Project Leaf (Law Enforcement Assistance for Forests) was launched on 5 June, 2012 – on World Environment Day. It is an initiative to counter various aspects of forest crime, including corruption, illegal logging and timber ...
    • Projectos de Construção Pública - Angola. Necessidade de fortificar as barreiras contra a corrupção 

      Søreide, Tina (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 6, Report, 2011-06-05)
      Entre o início de 2002 e 2009, o governo Angolano investiu cerca de 30,4 mil milhões de dólares americanos em novas infra-estruturas, hospitais, escolas e outros projectos de construção pública. Estes investimentos têm ...
    • Promising but disputed: is Blockchain the answer to fraud and corruption in education? 

      Aarvik, Per (Others, 2021-04-01)
      The promise of a technology delivering trust in trust-less environments, of immutability, security, traceability and transparency, has attracted many different industries to investigate blockchain as a tool to prevent fraud ...
    • Promoting defence management and security sector reform in Southern Africa. An assessment of SADSEM's achievements, impacts and future challenges 

      Tjønneland, Elling N.; Albertyn, Chris; Pere, Garth le; Heggstad, Kari; Vickers, Brendan (Research report, Research report, 2009)
      SADSEM – the Southern African Defence and Security Management Network – was launched in 2000 as an attempt to enhance democratic governance and the effectiveness of defence and security functions in Southern Africa. The ...
    • Promoting investment in small Caribbean states 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2004)
      This study performs an econometric analysis to determine the main policy levers for investment promotion in the Caribbean. The results provide the following policy advice to Caribbean policy makers seeking to increase ...
    • Promoting women's rights in Afghanistan: a call for less aid and more politics 

      Wimpelmann, Torunn (NOREF Policy Brief, Research report, 2012-11-01)
      To NATO countries, promoting women’s rights in Afghanistan is often framed as a choice between committing to high levels of aid for gender-related activities and an uncompromising public stance vis-à-vis the Afghan ...
    • Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania 

      Ali, Merima; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Katera, Lucas (CMI Insight 2018:01, Report, 2018-08-01)
      Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to taxpayers, and in principle ...
    • Property Taxation in Developing Countries 

      Ali, Merima; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Katera, Lucas (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1, Report, 2017-03-01)
      Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution, there is a growing eagerness among ...
    • Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania 

      Stølan, Andreas; Engebretsen, Benjamin; Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Somville, Vincent; Jahari, Cornel; Dupuy, Kendra (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10, Report, 2017-12-01)
      Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. ...
    • Prospects for Tanzania's Mining Sector 

      Granberg, Per (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2000)
      The success of Tanzania's structural reform efforts will (inter alia) depend on its ability to generate foreign exchange incomes. Mineral exports seem a promising source of such incomes. Tanzania is reportedly well endowed ...
    • Protected Marine Reserves as Fisheries Management Tools: A Bioeconomic Analysis 

      Sumaila, Ussif Rashid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      This paper develops a dynamic computational bioeconomic model with the objective of assessing protected marine reserves as fisheries management tools. Data on the North East Atlantic cod stock are used to determine the ...
    • Protected tax havens: Cornering the market through international reform? 

      Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:7, Working paper, 2017-10-01)
      Since the year 2000, an international reform process has been underway to reduce the negative impacts of tax havens. This paper analyzes whether the reform period has favoured protected tax havens, i.e. havens with strong ...
    • Protection of Civilians – Norway in the Security Council 

      De Lauri, Edited by Antonio; Turunen, Salla; Suhrke, Astri (CMI Report R 2021:01, Research report, 2021-02-01)
      This report summarizes a policy seminar organized by the Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies in December 2020. It briefly points out some of the key challenges and opportunities for Norway in the Security Council in ...
    • Protection of civilians: Why they die in US strikes 

      Suhrke, Astri (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 7, Report, 2015-01-01)
      Read online The US military strike that devastated the MSF hospital in Kunduz in northern Afghanistan on 3 October generated profound, if short-lived, outrage in much of the world. The US government promised an ...
    • Protection paradoxes 

      Strand, Arne (Paradoxes of Protection NCHS webinar 25.10.2021, Research report, 2021-10-01)