Now showing items 1127-1146 of 1734

    • Political Islam in South Asia 

      Knudsen, Are (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      This report analyses the growth of political Islam in South Asia (Pakistan, Afghanistan and India’s Jammu and Kashmir Province). In Pakistan the failure of parliamentary democracy and the weakening of civil society have ...
    • Political Islam in the Middle East 

      Knudsen, Are (Research report, Research report, 2003)
      This report provides an overview of the political Islam in the Middle East, with a special emphasis on the Islamic resurgence in the Levant (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria). Following an introduction ...
    • Political Parties and the Upcoming 2008 Parliamentary Elections in Angola 

      Amundsen, Inge; Weimer, Markus (CMI Brief vol. 7 no. 4, Report, 2008-09-03)
      After the civil war ended 6 years ago, and for the first time since 1992, Angola will go to the polls. On 5th September 2008, there will be parliamentary elections, contested by 14 parties and party coalitions. The ...
    • Political Parties in Bangladesh 

      Jahan, Rounaq (CPD-CMI Working Paper series WP 2014:8, Research report, 2014-09-09)
      This study provides an overview of the evolution of political parties since the birth of Bangladesh. It analyses and compares the ideology, organisational structure, leadership and support base of four major electoral ...
    • Politics, Administration and Agricultural Development. The Case of Botswana's Accelerated Rainfed Arable Programme 

      Børhaug, Kjetil (Research report, Research report, 1992)
      This is a case study of a large programme for arable faring in Botswana from 1985 to 1990. The focus is upon the organization of the programme. The study seeks to explain why the programme developed into an ineffective and ...
    • Politisk liberalisering og økonomisk reform 

      Skålnes, Tor (Arbeisnotat, Working paper, 1992)
      Notatet bygger på et foredrag for hovedfagsstudenter i sammenlignende politikk på "Finseseminaret" i februar 1992. Teorier om sammenhengen mellom demokrati og økonomisk liberalisering gjennomgås og diskuteres med referanse ...
    • Poor revenue forecasting: A major challenge for sound fiscal policy in Angola 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Jensen, Søren Kirk; Paulo, Francisco Miguel (Angola Brief vol. 4 no. 1, Report, 2014-02-01)
      Fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (taxation) and expenditure (spending) to monitor and influence the nation’s economy. A major challenge facing fiscal policy and implementation of the ongoing non-oil ...
    • Population and Development Planning. A Demographic Study of the Hambantota Integrated Rural Development Programme in Sri Lanka 

      Miranda, Armindo; de Silva, Soma (Research report, Research report, 1992)
      The present study, undertaken as part of the background research for an evaluation of the Hambantota Integrated Rural Development Programme (HIRDEP), analyses the demographic characteristics and trends of Hambantota district ...
    • Population and Environment Relationships in Developing Countries: A Select Review of Approaches and Methods 

      Marquette, Catherine (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      A diversity of opinion, theory, and conceptual approaches characterizes discussion of population and environment relationships among social scientists. This review captures some of this diversity by considering several of ...
    • Porquê cobrar impostos locais em Angola? ... e os desafios de o fazer 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Orre, Aslak Jangård (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 14, Report, 2011-06-03)
      É necessário um sistema tributário eficaz para implementar e financiar as actuais políticas de governo relativas à diversificação da economia Angolana e para providenciar qualidade nos serviços públicos, aos cidadãos de ...
    • Post-Conflict Peace-Building and Socio-Economic Integration Issues in Southwest Kordofan 

      Saeed, Abdalbasit (Sudan Report SR 2008: 3, Research report, 2008-09-02)
      This report is the product of desk-work which consists of 50 per cent of the workload, and a truncated field visit for only one week to Northern Lagawa Locality estimated at 25 per cent of the workload. Field activities ...
    • Post-war reconciliation and democratization: Concepts, goals and lessons learnt 

      Hydén, Göran (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2000)
    • Poverty among Sudanese communities along the eastern borders: A case study from the Kassala and Gedarif States 

      ElNeel, Faiez Ahmed Hamed; Ati, Hassan Ahmed Abdel; Abdalla, Eltayeb Mohamedain (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:2, Working paper, 2017-06-01)
      The data for this paper was collected through a survey aimed at reviewing the socioeconomic conditions of the communities living along the Sudanese border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The survey was conducted during ...
    • Poverty and development in Tanzania: A discussion note 

      Jerve, Alf Morten; Ofstad, Arve (Research report, Research report, 2000)
      This brief discussion note is focusing on major policy issues confronting Tanzania when aiming at a substantial reduction in poverty level over the next decades. The government has high ambitions for creating high quality ...
    • Poverty dynamics among the Dalits of Tarai 

      Iversen, Thor Olav (Master thesis, 2013-11-26)
      The literature suggests that links between social identity and economic outcomes can induce poverty among groups with low social status. This seems to be true in Nepal where Dalits, the group at the bottom of the caste ...
    • Poverty dynamics in rural Orissa: Transitions in assets and occupations over generations 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:11, Working paper, 2012-01-01)
      We investigate whether historic land distribution determines stagnation or development of Indian villages. The empirical analysis is motivated by the Banerjee and Newman (1993) model of occupational choice and economic ...
    • Poverty in Mozambique Discourse, Analysis and Monitoring. Suggestions for National Stakeholders and the Donor Community 

      Isaksen, Jan; Staaland, Anette; Weimer, Bernhard (Research report, Research report, 2005)
      This report was prepared for the Norwegian Embassy in Mozambique and NORAD. Its purpose is to advise the Norwegian and other cooperation authorities on how best to support poverty analysis and monitoring in Mozambique, ...
    • Poverty reduction strategy processes in Malawi and Zambia 

      Bwalya, Edgar; Rakner, Lise; Svåsand, Lars; Tostensen, Arne; Tsoka, Maxton (Research report, Research report, 2004)
      Malawi and Zambia are poor and heavily indebted countries whose dependence on foreign aid is pronounced. They both qualify for debt relief in terms of the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) initiative under the auspices ...
    • Poverty reduction through microbusiness 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Brief vol. 11 no. 6, Report, 2012-11-23)
      Microbusiness can be an effective way out of poverty. Returns to capital for microbusinesses in poor rural areas can be so high that people with microbusinesses can double and even triple their capital within a year. Yet, ...
    • Power Prevails. The Failure of Whole-of-Government Approaches in Afghanistan. 

      Harpviken, Kristian Berg (PRIO Policy Brief 04/2011, Research report, 2011-01-01)
      Over the last decade, Afghanistan has served as the testing ground for a range of whole-of-government (WoG) approaches to international intervention in crisis situations. Examining the WoG approaches of four countries – ...