• A cost-benefit framework for allocating SPS-related technical assistance 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures designed to protect human, animal and plant health, constitute a significant barrier to exports of agricultural products from developing countries. Though the WTO Agreement on the ...
    • Aid for trade: A misdirected initiative? 

      Wiig, Arne (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2009)
      Given that the motivation for aid is poverty reduction, I argue that Aid for Trade (AfT) measures need to demonstrate that they are effective and have a potential impact on poverty. The debate about aid for trade measures ...
    • A review of development trends in the energy sector of Bangladesh 

      Murshid, K.A.S.; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2001)
      This is the second report under the CMI/NCG contract for strengthening the country-specific knowledge base of NORAD and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This energy review examines the gas and power sectors in ...
    • Bangladesh: Severe Poverty and a Well Functioning Economy? 

      Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2000)
      This is the first report on Bangladesh under the Country Advisor Agreement between the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD), the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) and the Nordic Consulting Group (NCG). The ...
    • Budget, State and People. Budget Process, Civil Society and Transparency in Angola 

      Isaksen, Jan; Amundsen, Inge; Wiig, Arne; with Abreu, Cesaltina (Research report, Research report, 2007)
      This study discerns several deficiencies in the budget process in Angola. The government’s budget proposal is not publicly debated, no pre-budget paper is prepared, comparisons between budgeted expenditure and actual ...
    • Combattre la corruption dans les pays riches en pétrole: Le rôle de la transparence 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne; Williams, Aled (U4 Brief 2009:21, Report, 2009-10-14)
      La corruption constitue un véritable fléau dans de nombreux pays riches en pétrole et autres ressources naturelles. Elle est en grande partie responsable du faible développement socio‑économique de ces pays. Depuis peu, ...
    • Corporate social responsibility in the Angolan oil industry 

      Wiig, Arne; Ramalho, Madalena (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2005)
      What are the responsibility of oil companies in resource rich countries? Do they take these responsibilities? Based on a utilitarian perspective and theories of the resource curse, we discuss the oil companies’ corporate ...
    • Development Theory: Recent Trends. Proceedings of the NFU Annual Conference 1992 

      Ofstad, Arve; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 1993)
    • Devolutionary delusions? The effect of decentralization on corruption 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne; Somville, Vincent (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:10, Working paper, 2014-09-01)
      The effect of government decentralization on corruption is theoretically ambiguous. On the one hand, bringing government closer to the people could increase accountability and reduce corruption. On the other hand, ...
    • Diversification and democracy 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:9, Working paper, 2014-08-01)
      Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy levels, using data from 143 countries. The endogeneity of diversification is ...
    • Diversification of the Angolan economy 

      da Rocha, Alves; Santos, Regina; Bonfim, Luís; Paulo, Francisco Miguel; Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Insight 2014:5, Report, 2014-09-01)
      Angola has the second most concentrated economy in the world, oil representing more than 97 per cent of its exports in 2011. Concentration has increased since independence in 1975, and since the end of the civil war in ...
    • Does democracy reduce corruption? 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:4, Working paper, 2011-12-12)
      While democracy is commonly believed to reduce corruption, there are obvious endogeneity problems in measuring the impact of democracy on corruption. This paper addresses the endogeneity of democracy by exploiting the ...
    • Does diversification improve institutions in resource rich countries? 

      Wiig, Arne; Kolstad, Ivar (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 5, Report, 2012-12-11)
      Angola is the world’s second most concentrated country in terms of exports. Furthermore, concentration has increased during recent years. Angola also faces the challenge of a resource curse prevalent in resource rich ...
    • Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:9, Working paper, 2015-08-01)
      Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more likely to claim to have voted ...
    • Effekter i mottakerlandene av norske petroleumsinvesteringer med hovedvekt på Angola 

      Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik; Tvedten, Inge; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 1999)
      Denne rapporten ser på hvordan norske petroleumsinvesteringer kan bidra til industriutvikling og en jevnere inntektsfordeling i mottakerlandet. Videre ser vi på i hvilken grad norske petroleumsinvesteringer kan være en ...
    • Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:8, Working paper, 2015-08-01)
      This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and voter ...
    • Empresas multinacionais e instituições do país anfitrião: Um estudo de caso das actividades de RSE em Angola 

      Wiig, Arne; Kolstad, Ivar (International Business Review vol. 19 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010-01-01)
      Embora as instituições sejam importantes para o desenvolvimento económico, particularmente em países ricos em recursos, a interacção entre empresas multinacionais e as instituições do país anfitrião não é inteiramente ...
    • En vurdering av betalingsbalansestøtte til Bangladesh 

      Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      Norway has been requested by IMF to provide balance of payment (BOP) support to Bangladesh, which is facing a critical reduction in its foreign exchange reserves. This report, which has been commissioned by NORAD, analyses ...
    • Expanding foreign investment in the energy sector: Challenges and risks for Bangladesh? 

      Wiig, Arne; Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 4, Report, 2014-04-22)
      Our recent research indicates that increased corruption brings increased foreign direct investment (FDI) in the extractive industries. Moreover, corruption has no effect on FDI in the energy provision industries. This brief ...
    • Experience from Bangladesh with ethical trading initiatives 

      Murshid, K.A.S.; Zohir, Salma Chaudhuri; Milford, Anna; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2003)
      Since the 1990s there has been increasing concern in the North about products from the South and the conditions under which they are produced. In least developed countries labour conditions are considered to be at a very ...