• An increasing number of Muslim women in politics: A step towards complementarity, not equality 

      Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Brief no. 2018:3, Report, 2018-05-01)
      The number of Muslim women participating in political decision-making in the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) is on the rise. This brief explores how Islamists in Sudan have interpreted complementarity over time and ...
    • Child marriage and education in Eastern Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (Report, 2018-09-01)
      A new understanding that educating girls' does not constrain their marriage potential is emerging in eastern Sudan. Girls who continue their education and their families are role models who challenge the cultural boundaries ...
    • Community Views on Child Marriage in Kassala: Prospects for Change 

      Nagar, Samia El; Mahjoub, Manal; Idris, Adil; Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Report SR 2018:01, Research report, 2018-01-01)
      Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects girls. Each year, 15 million girls are ...
    • Competing Perceptions of Women's Civil Rights in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Brief vol. 6 no. 4, Report, 2007-07-19)
      During the peace process in Sudan women were merely "guests at the table. The role permitted to women during negotiations was based on a perception of them as passive victims of war, not active players in politics and ...
    • Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa 

      Muriaas, Ragnhild Louise; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8, Report, 2017-11-01)
      Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise ...
    • Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa 

      Muriaas, Ragnhild L.; Tønnessen, Liv; Wang, Vibeke (Political Studies, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-01)
      Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. To explore differences between states ...
    • Criminalizing Female Genital Mutilation in Sudan: A never ending story? 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (CMI Insight 2016:1, Report, 2016-01-01)
      Women inside and outside of the Sudanese government were deeply concerned about the high prevalence rates of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) after decades of efforts to eradicate the practice. Criminalization of FGM emerged ...
    • Curbing Women Activists in Darfur in the wake of the International Criminal Court 

      Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Insight 2015:5, Report, 2015-01-01)
      In 2009, the international criminal court (ICC) warranted the arrest of Sudan’s sitting President indicting him for systematic and widespread sexual violence in Darfur. In the wake of the ICC, the Sudanese regime has curbed ...
    • Discrimination in the Name of Religious Freedom: The Rights of Women and Non-Muslims after the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; Roald, Anne Sofie (Research report, Research report, 2007)
      Government policy since independence has by and large disregarded Sudan’s multi-religious character through continuous Islamisation and Arabisation processes that have fuelled the civil war. International considerations ...
    • Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (Report, 2018-09-01)
      There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and protection of girls’ ...
    • Enemies of the state: Curbing women activists advocating rape reform in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv (Journal of International Women's Studies vol. 18 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      Sudanese women activists launched a legal campaign in 2009 calling attention to how the country’s Sharia based Criminal Act of 1991 produced impunity for sexual assault in the Darfur conflict. After years of mobilization, ...
    • Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story? 

      al-Nagar, Samia; Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Brief no. 2018:08, Report, 2018-06-01)
      The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone a spotlight on early and ...
    • Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights 

      Nagar, Samia El; Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Report R 2017:5, Research report, 2017-12-01)
      This paper focuses on family law reform in Sudan-a country that has been in a state of perpetual conflict that stretches back long before its independence in 1956. The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in ...
    • From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur 

      Tønnessen, Liv (NOREF Report, February 2012, Research report, 2012-03-01)
      Serious shortcomings in Sudanese laws and practices contribute to the lack of protection of victims of rape in Sudan. There is need for comprehensive legal reform, particularly of Sudan’s Criminal Law of 1991. The ...
    • Gendercide and marginalisation – An initial review of the knowledge base 

      Wang, Vibeke; Hatlebakk, Magnus; Tønnessen, Liv; Mæstad, Ottar; Telle, Kari (CMI Report R 2019:04, Research report, 2019-05-01)
    • Gendered Citizenship in Sudan: Competing Perceptions of Women's Civil Rights within the Family Laws among Northern and Southern Elites in Khartoum 

      Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Working Paper, Working paper, 2007)
      In classical political thought, citizenship is a gender-neutral abstract personhood. This concept does not travel well when discussing the citizenship of women in the Middle East and Northern Africa. In Sudan, women’s civil ...
    • Girls, Child Marriage, and Education in Red Sea State, Sudan: Perspectives on Girls’ Freedom to Choose 

      Nagar, Samia El; Bamkar, Sharifa; Tønnessen, Liv (Sudan Report SR 2017:3, Research report, 2017-09-01)
      Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects girls. Each year, 15 million girls are ...
    • Interventions for the abandonment of child marriage in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (Report, 2018-09-01)
      Child marriage is legal, and accepted, throughout Sudan and the country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world. This brief examines interventions against child marriage in Sudan, which is best described ...
    • Islamic Feminism, a public lecture 

      Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Sudan Working Paper SWP 2014:1, Working paper, 2014-11-07)
      The programme Assisting Regional Universities in Sudan and South Sudan (ARUSS) aims to build academic bridges between Sudan and South Sudan. The overall objective is to enhance the quality and relevance of teaching and ...
    • Marriage is Politics: Prospects for Women's Equality after the Arab Spring 

      Tønnessen, Liv (CMI Insight 2013:1, Report, 2013-04-30)
      Hopes were high that the uprisings that began in 2011 across the Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) that have come to be known as “the Arab Spring” would bring not just democratization, but greater gender equality. ...