• Human Rights Violations and the Paradox of Democratic Transition. A Study of Chile and Argentina 

      Skaar, Elin (Research report, Research report, 1994)
      This comparative analysis of recent transitions to democracy in Argentina and Chile examines (1) the impact of the type of transition on democratic consolidation; (2) how resolving the problem of past human rights violations ...
    • Migrant Fishermen in Congo: Tradition and Modernity 

      Jul-Larsen, Eyolf (Research report, Research report, 1994)
      The report presents an empirical analysis of the dynamics of the community of Béninois (Popo) migrant fishermen in Pointe-Noire. The treatment of historical data from the period prior to their establishment 30 years ago, ...
    • Local Government and Decentralisation in Sub-Saharan Africa. An Annotated Bibliography 

      Børhaug, Kjetil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      A renewed interest in local government and decentralisation in developing countries has emerged in recent years, and many students now turn to this subject. A substantial literature is already available, even if a lot more ...
    • Do Interest Groups Matter in Economic Policy-Making? Reflections from a Zambian case study 

      Rakner, Lise (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      The current debate within development research strongly emphasise the role of interest groups in developing and sustaining democratic and liberal economic reforms. With this debate as its point of departure, the paper ...
    • Non-Cooperation in Fish Exploitation. The Case of Irreversible Capital Investment in the Arcto-Norwegian Cod Fishery 

      Sumaila, Ussif Rashid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      A two-stage, two-player non-cooperative game model is developed under an irreversible capital investment assumption. The main aim is to predict the number of vessels that each player in such a game will find in his best ...
    • Shifting Cultivation Expansion and Intensity of Production: The Open Economy Case 

      Angelsen, Arild (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      This paper studies decision making in shifting cultivation, in particular labour inputs, length of rotation or fallow period (intensity of production), and the agricultural frontier (expansion). Analytical models are ...
    • Coconuts and Cultivation in the Philippines. A Study of Social Formation in Candelaria, Quezon Province 

      Skåre, Guro (Research report, Research report, 1995)
      This study gives a detailed account of coconut production and the social formation of coconut cultivators in a specific locality in the Quezon province on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Using a theoretical framework ...
    • From Nation-Building to Popular Culture: The Modernization of Performance in Tanzania 

      Lange, Siri (Research report, Research report, 1995)
      This study focuses on Tanzania's efforts to use elements from ethnic expressive arts in political propaganda and in the creation of a national culture after Independence. It analyses why nationalized traditional dances ...
    • Value-Added Taxation in Tanzania? 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1995)
      Is Tanzania ready for a value-added tax (V AT)? The purpose of this paper is to answer this and other related questions that are often asked about value-added taxation in developing countries, to consider how a V AT might ...
    • Taxation and Tax Reforms in Tanzania: A Survey 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1995)
      This paper reviews the tax system in Tanzania, and gives particular attention to the tax reform proposals presented in the Report of the Presidential Commission on Taxation. In considering the effects of the "low-rate, ...
    • Living in the Commons: Local Institutions for Natural Resource Management 

      Knudsen, Are J. (Research report, Research report, 1995)
      Garett Hardin' s essay "The Tragedy of the Commons" has for almost three decades stimulated research on common property regimes. This report provides an overview of this research and reviews a selection of empirical and ...
    • Et lite offer? En analyse av årsakene til det diplomatiske bruddet mellom Norge og Kenya i 1990 

      Selbervik, Hilde Beate (Research report, Research report, 1995)
      Den 22. oktober 1990 ble den norske ambassadøren innkalt til det kenyanske utenriksdepartementet; kenyanske myndigheter hadde besluttet å bryte de diplomatiske forbindelsene med Norge. Dette var resultatet av en unik ...
    • Hard Methods for Soft Policies. Environmental and Social Cost-Benefit Analysis 

      Angelsen, Arild; Sumaila, Ussif Rashid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1995)
      The quest for sustainability has put the conventional Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) technique under fierce attack. Much of the critique is, however, misplaced or based on misunderstandings. Alternative methodologies for ...
    • South African Manufacturing Industries - Catching up or Falling Behind? 

      Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1995)
      This paper argues that intraindustry trade with developed countries is an important source of technology transfer, and creates incentives to climb up the learning curve. South Africa has an industrial structure that could ...
    • Judiciary and Good Governance in Contemporary Tanzania: Problems and Prospects 

      Bukurura, Sufian Hemed (Research report, Research report, 1995)
      The World Bank identified judiciary among institutions which ran down during centralized governance. The Bank also expressed the need for and willingness to take part in rebuilding these institutions so that they could ...
    • Land Reforms and Land Degradation in Tanzania: Alternative Economic Approaches 

      Angelsen, Arild; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1995)
      This paper uses as a point of departure the extensive soil erosion problems in the highland area of Western Tanzania. The first part of the paper focuses on the ongoing debate on land reforms in Tanzania, particularly the ...
    • Botswana - 30 years of economic growth, democracy and aid: Is there a connection? 

      Rakner, Lise (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      This report has been commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an input to a proposed study on the impact of aid on Botswana. The report is based on a review of literature focusing on the development of ...
    • Whither Nordic/SADC Relations? 

      Atkinson, Keith; Tostensen, Arne (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      In 1986 the member states of the then Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADC) and the five Nordic countries signed a joint declaration on expanded economic and cultural cooperation, referred to as the ...
    • Angola og norsk bistand 

      Tvedten, Inge (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      Angola is currently passing through a political, economic and social crisis deeper than in most other African countries. The MPLA government and the former rebel movement UNIT A signed a peace agreement in Lusaka in November ...
    • Handel og arbeidstandarder: Barnearbeid 

      Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      Trade and labour standards: Child labour. This report, commissioned by Save the Children, Norway, discusses the main economic arguments for and against the incorporation of a social clause in World Trade Organization (WTO). ...