Now showing items 155-174 of 1542

    • Botswana - 30 years of economic growth, democracy and aid: Is there a connection? 

      Rakner, Lise (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      This report has been commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an input to a proposed study on the impact of aid on Botswana. The report is based on a review of literature focusing on the development of ...
    • Bribes, taxes and regulations: Business constraints for micro enterprises in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Kolstad, Ivar; Nygaard, Knut (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      This paper analyses the business environment for micro enterprises in Tanzania based on survey data. The primary objective of the study is to identify major constraints facing the firms’ business operations. Taxation, ...
    • Bridging Research and Development Assistance. A Review of Danish Research Networks 

      Tostensen, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2006)
      Danida has provided financial support to research networks with a view to creating better synergies between research and policy/operations. Six networks were reviewed in the fields of health; poultry; agriculture; governance, ...
    • Budget, State and People. Budget Process, Civil Society and Transparency in Angola 

      Isaksen, Jan; Amundsen, Inge; Wiig, Arne; with Abreu, Cesaltina (Research report, Research report, 2007)
      This study discerns several deficiencies in the budget process in Angola. The government’s budget proposal is not publicly debated, no pre-budget paper is prepared, comparisons between budgeted expenditure and actual ...
    • Buena gobernabilidad en iniciativas de medicamentos: Explorando las lecciones aprendidas 

      Hussmann, Karen; Kohler, Gillian Clare (U4 Issue 2014:5, Research report, 2014-06-25)
      La corrupción en el sistema farmacéutico provoca la pérdida de recursos, limita el acceso a los servicios de salud, y reduce los logros del sector salud. En este U4 Issue, estudiamos una selección de iniciativas globales ...
    • Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador 

      Ekern, Stener (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7, Working paper, 2018-06-01)
      On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’. Situated in the remote and poor province of Morazán, ...
    • Building Blocks for Peace An Evaluation of the Training for Peace in Africa Programme 

      Tjønneland, Elling N.; Wimpelmann, Torunn; Paterson, Anna; Albertyn, Chris; Fleming, David; Hills, Alice (Evaluation Department 6/14, Research report, 2014-11-07)
      The Training for Peace in Africa programme (TfP) was initiated in 1995 and has been fully funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is implemented to five partners organisations in Africa and Norway. The ...
    • Building capacity for development and food security in Malawi. Mid-term review fo the Bunda College Capacity Building Programme (BCDP) 

      Nyirenda, Ramji; Tostensen, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2009)
      This report presents the findings of a mid-term review Phase III of the Bunda College Capacity Building Programme (BCDP) in Malawi. The efforts during the previous phases are bearing fruit. Bunda College of Agriculture has ...
    • Building fiscal capacity in developing countries: Evidence on the role of information technology 

      Ali, Merima; Shifa, Abdulaziz B.; Shimeles, Abebe; Woldeyes, Firew (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:12, Working paper, 2015-11-01)
      Limited fiscal capacity poses a significant challenge in developing countries. To mitigate this challenge, the adoption of electronic tax systems has been at the forefront of tax reforms; however, there is little systematic ...
    • Building Fiscal Capacity:The Role of ICT 

      Ali, Merima; Shifa, Abdulaziz B.; Shimeles, Abebe; Woldeyes, Firew (Research report, 2017-01-01)
      Weak fiscal capacity for domestic resource mobilization is the hallmark of poor countries. Recently, many developing countries resorted to the application of information technology to consolidate tax mobilization; however, ...
    • Building Tax Capacity in Developing Countries 

      Moore, Mick; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Isaksen, Jan; Lundstøl, Olav; McCluskey, Rhiannon; Prichard, Wilson (Others, 2015-10-01)
      The agenda for the Third International Conference on Financing for Development suggests there will be less focus on aid, and more on how developing countries can generate their own financial resources for development. ...
    • Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Bøås, Morten; Bjørkheim, Julie Brun; Kvamme, Frida Margrethe (CMI Report R 2018:03, Research report, 2018-03-01)
      The purpose of this study is to systematise and analyse existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach and other means ...
    • Building taxpayer culture in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia: Achievements, challenges and policy recommendations 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Heggstad, Kari K. (CMI Report R 2012:1, Research report, 2012-07-05)
      The study examines measures that aim to encourage taxpayer compliance through taxpayer education and constructive engagement between the government and citizens over taxation issues in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia. ...
    • Bukken og havresekken 

      Amundsen, Inge (Others, 2007-12-07)
      Norsk Senter for Demokratistøtte (NDS) - som består av alle partiene på Stortinget - får 7 millioner kroner årlig for å bistå i «utviklingen av velfungerende og pluralistiske politiske demokratiske systemer i utviklingsland». ...
    • Bureaucratic Complexity and Impacts of Corruption in Utilities 

      Tøndel, Line; Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2008)
      This paper explores how the relationship between bureaucratic complexity and corruption affects the performance in utilities. We observe considerable variation in the performance of the utilities across countries, also ...
    • Business Climate Surveys: Experiences from Ghana, Mozambique, and South Africa 

      Kaufmann, Friedrich; Madelung, Philip; Spatz, Julius; Wegmann, Mattia (U4 Brief 2008:4, Report, 2008-02-01)
      Improving the Business and Investment Climate (BIC) has become an important topic in the international discourse on private sector development. Partner governments and donor organisations alike have started to focus more ...
    • Business Corruption, Uncertainty and Risk Aversion 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      The presence of business-corruption in a market provokes firms to make choices between legal business approaches and illegal bribery. The outcome of a chosen strategy will usually be uncertain at the time the decision is ...
    • Business development for poverty reduction 

      Villanger, Espen; Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal (Research report, 2015-09-01)
      The report is based on a literature review and discuss three topics: 1. Can economic growth eradicate poverty? 2. How can donors contribute to private sector growth and structural transformation in poor countries? 3. How ...
    • Business people’s views of paying taxes in Ethiopia 

      Yesegat, Wollela; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (ICTD Working Paper 43, Research report, 2016-01-01)
      This study examines factors that determine business people’s attitudes towards paying taxes in Ethiopia. Based on data obtained from a survey of business taxpayers in Addis Ababa, the study finds a statistically significant ...
    • By the gun or by the bribe: Firm size, environmental governance and corruption among mining companies in Guatemala 

      Dougherty, Michael L. (U4 Issue 2015:17, Research report, 2015-09-01)
      (You can also read the most important points in this publication in our blog: Steps to limit the endemic corruption around junior mining companies ) This U4 Issue discusses the corruption risks faced by mining companies ...