Now showing items 1517-1536 of 1562

    • When Per Diems Take Over: Training and Travel as Extra Pay 

      Skage, Ingvild Aagedal; Søreide, Tina; Tostensen, Arne (Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges, Chapter, 2014-03-01)
      Weak access to basic services and poor framework conditions for the private sector impede development. Low-quality service provision for example in health, education, utility supply, industry regulation or law enforcement ...
    • When Rape Becomes Politics: Negotiating Islamic Law Reform in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv (Women's Studies International Forum vol. 44, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-01-01)
      Under Sudan’s Criminal Act (1991), rape is defined as zina (adultery and fornication) without consent. This means that the strict rules of evidence used for zina are also applied to rape. Women activists have contested ...
    • When Supreme Audit Institutions engage with civil society: Exploring lessons from the Latin American Transparency Participation and Accountability Initiative 

      Cornejo, Carolina; Guillan, Aranzazu; Lavin, Renzo (U4 Practice Insight 2013:5, Report, 2013-12-17)
      The Transparency, Participation and Accountability Initiative illustrates emerging partnerships between audit institutions and citizens, and highlights the benefits and challenges of a cooperative approach for engaging ...
    • When the terrain does not fit the map: Local government taxation in Africa 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (Perspectives on politics, production and public administration in Africa. Essays in honour of Ole Therkildsen., Chapter, 2015-06-23)
      Fiscal decentralisation – the devolution of revenue mobilisation and spending powers to lower levels of government – has become a main theme of governance over the past two decades. A sound revenue system for local governments ...
    • When women grow wings: Gender relations in the informal economy of Kampala 

      Lange, Siri (Research report, Research report, 2003)
      In urban Africa, informal employment constitutes 90 per cent of all new jobs. Informal work is characterised by being unrecognised, unprotected or unrecorded by the public authorities, and a larger percentage of women than ...
    • Whistleblowing in the financial industry: The right means to curb illicit flows from developing countries? 

      Ledergerber, Zora; Fontana, Alessandra (U4 Brief 2011:1, Report, 2011-03-25)
      Information provided by insiders can contribute to the goal of reducing illicit capital flight from developing countries. It helps address one of the most difficult aspects in investigating such flows (the secrecy of the ...
    • Whither Nordic/SADC Relations? 

      Atkinson, Keith; Tostensen, Arne (Research report, Research report, 1996)
      In 1986 the member states of the then Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADC) and the five Nordic countries signed a joint declaration on expanded economic and cultural cooperation, referred to as the ...
    • “Whom the Lord Loveth He Chasteneth”. Corporal Punishment of Children in Kibera 

      Tostensen, Arne; Onyango, Philista (CMI Report R 2015:6, Research report, 2015-04-01)
      This report forms part of a larger study titled Advancing the Rights of Children: Assessing the Effectiveness of Transnational Advocacy Networks for Child Rights. Norwegian-Kenyan Civil Society Partnerships Examined. It ...
    • Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire 

      Muriaas, Ragnhild L.; Wang, Vibeke; Benstead, Lindsay J.; Dulani, Boniface; Rakner, Lise (CMI Brief no. 2019:04, Report, 2019-03-01)
    • Why collect local taxes in oil rich Angola? ... and the challenges of doing so 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Orre, Aslak Jangård (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 13, Report, 2011-06-03)
      An effective tax system is required to implement and finance current government policies of diversifying the Angolan economy and providing quality public services to citizens across the country. Extending the reach and ...
    • Why firms should not always maximize profits 

      Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      Though corporate social responsibility (CSR) is on the agenda of most major corporations, corporate executives still largely support the view that corporations should maximize the returns to their owners. There are two ...
    • Why go back? Assisted return from Norway 

      Brekke, Jan-Paul (Rapport 2015:08 08, Research report, 2016-01-01)
      This report discusses factors that influence voluntary assisted return of third-country nationals from Norway. It is based on statistical information and interviews with civil servants/NGO-representatives and employees at ...
    • Why hungry Guatemalans don't claim their food rights in court 

      Brandt, Lene Chr. M. (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 13, Report, 2011-10-28)
      Guatemala suffers from high levels of undernourishment and malnutrition despite a strong political commitment to the right to food. Yet, there is an absence of food rights litigation. This brief explores why and suggests ...
    • Why is corruption risk management so hard? Assessing current practices in development aid 

      Hart, Elizabeth (U4 Brief 2016:1, Report, 2016-05-01)
      Development agencies, by definition, must engage with corruption risk. Working in settings where corruption is engrained in governance and accountability mechanisms are weak or repressed, it is impossible to avoid corruption ...
    • Why is health worker performance low? 

      Mæstad, Ottar (Others, 2011-01-01)
    • Why people pay taxes. The case of the development levy in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Semboja, Joseph (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      This study sheds some light on some of the factors underlying tax compliance in local authorities in Tanzania with the help of original survey data. We use the experience of the poll tax (locally named "development levy" ...
    • Why people pay taxes: The case of the development levy in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Semboja, Joseph (World Development vol. 29 no. 12, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2001-01-01)
      This paper examines factors determining tax compliance behavior in local authorities in Tanzania. The poll tax - locally named "development levy" - is used as case. The study finds support for the hypotheses that tax ...
    • Why Should Donors Care about Corruption? 

      Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Brief vol. 7 no. 1, Report, 2008-01-09)
      Corruption is bad for donor business. Corruption reduces popular support for aid in donor countries. However, aid agencies should pay attention to corruption because it is the right thing to do, rather than just the smart ...
    • Why, when and how to use the Global Corruption Barometer 

      Johnsøn, Jesper; Hardoon, Deborah (U4 Brief 2012:5, Report, 2012-07-23)
      Data from Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) is useful for diagnosing corruption. Development practitioners can in particular benefit from the tool at the early identification and formulation ...