Now showing items 1515-1534 of 1549

    • Why firms should not always maximize profits 

      Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      Though corporate social responsibility (CSR) is on the agenda of most major corporations, corporate executives still largely support the view that corporations should maximize the returns to their owners. There are two ...
    • Why go back? Assisted return from Norway 

      Brekke, Jan-Paul (Rapport 2015:08 08, Research report, 2016-01-01)
      This report discusses factors that influence voluntary assisted return of third-country nationals from Norway. It is based on statistical information and interviews with civil servants/NGO-representatives and employees at ...
    • Why hungry Guatemalans don't claim their food rights in court 

      Brandt, Lene Chr. M. (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 13, Report, 2011-10-28)
      Guatemala suffers from high levels of undernourishment and malnutrition despite a strong political commitment to the right to food. Yet, there is an absence of food rights litigation. This brief explores why and suggests ...
    • Why is corruption risk management so hard? Assessing current practices in development aid 

      Hart, Elizabeth (U4 Brief 2016:1, Report, 2016-05-01)
      Development agencies, by definition, must engage with corruption risk. Working in settings where corruption is engrained in governance and accountability mechanisms are weak or repressed, it is impossible to avoid corruption ...
    • Why is health worker performance low? 

      Mæstad, Ottar (Others, 2011-01-01)
    • Why people pay taxes. The case of the development levy in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Semboja, Joseph (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      This study sheds some light on some of the factors underlying tax compliance in local authorities in Tanzania with the help of original survey data. We use the experience of the poll tax (locally named "development levy" ...
    • Why people pay taxes: The case of the development levy in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Semboja, Joseph (World Development vol. 29 no. 12, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2001-01-01)
      This paper examines factors determining tax compliance behavior in local authorities in Tanzania. The poll tax - locally named "development levy" - is used as case. The study finds support for the hypotheses that tax ...
    • Why Should Donors Care about Corruption? 

      Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Brief vol. 7 no. 1, Report, 2008-01-09)
      Corruption is bad for donor business. Corruption reduces popular support for aid in donor countries. However, aid agencies should pay attention to corruption because it is the right thing to do, rather than just the smart ...
    • Why, when and how to use the Global Corruption Barometer 

      Johnsøn, Jesper; Hardoon, Deborah (U4 Brief 2012:5, Report, 2012-07-23)
      Data from Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) is useful for diagnosing corruption. Development practitioners can in particular benefit from the tool at the early identification and formulation ...
    • Will International Trade Reduce Poverty? A Background Note to Norad 

      Wiig, Arne; Tøndel, Line; Villanger, Espen; Mæstad, Ottar (Research report, Research report, 2007)
      NORAD is currently developing a trade strategy towards developing countries. This background note presents a review of the current literature and empirical findings on the relationship between trade, growth and poverty ...
    • Will more credit increase interest rates in rural Nepal? 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus (PDF is a revised version of Department of Economics. University of Bergen. WP-21-2000, Research report, 2000-01-01)
      We test two alternative models of interest rates determination in informal rural credit markets, using LSMS data from Nepal. We find strong support for a capacity-constrained collusive oligopoly model with full information ...
    • Will the Sudanese paradox continue? Insecure investment climate and substantial foreign direct investment inflows 

      Gadkarim, Hassan Ali (CMI Sudan Report SR 2012:1, Research report, 2012-10-30)
      The changing international/external economic environment, which is characterized by rapid globalization, expansion of foreign direct investment (FDI), trade liberalization, and technological developments, is creating both ...
    • Winners and losers from an international investment agreement 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Eckel, Carsten (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2003)
      Recent attempts at reaching an international investment agreement have been met with considerable opposition and failed. An important reason for this failure is the diverging interests between the parties involved. The ...
    • Winning hearts and minds: Chinese Soft Power Foreign Policy in Africa 

      Li, Shubo; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 12 no. 3, Report, 2013-09-30)
      In President Xi Jinping’s first public speech on African soil after taking office in Tanzania 25 March 2013, his reference to a popular Chinese soap opera drew large applause and laughter: “The foundation and lifeline of ...
    • With a little help from the banks 

      Heggstad, Kari; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa, Chapter, 2017-11-01)
      Africa is a source of large-scale capital flight. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on how banks facilitate capital flight from Africa. There is growing evidence that subsidiaries of the world’s major banks have ...
    • Within-group heterogeneity and group dynamics: Analyzing exit of microcredit groups in Angola 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Pires, Armando J. Garcia; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:3, Working paper, 2015-03-01)
      The effect of within-group heterogeneity on the survival of social groups is theoretically ambiguous. A greater diversity of ideas, experience, and networks can have a positive effect on members’ benefits from group ...
    • Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (CMI Report R 2015:10, Research report, 2015-11-01)
      This report investigates criminal law reform in Sudan, focusing on two important and controversial legal reforms related to (a) a definition of rape that is clearly de-linked from the Islamic crime of zina (i.e., sexual ...
    • Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015 (in Arabic) 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (CMI Report R 2015:10, Research report, 2016-09-01)
      This is an Arabic translation of the CMI report Women and Girls Caught between Rape and Adultery in Sudan: Criminal Law Reform, 2005–2015, published in November 2015. The English version can be found here . Below ...
    • Women and Islamisation - Carving a New Space in Muslim Societies 

      Ask, Karin; Tjomsland, Marit (Research report, Research report, 1997)
      The diversity in Muslim women's religious practices and positions within contemporary resurgent Islam, often referred to as "Islamic fundamentalism", has so far been given little attention. The different chapters in this ...
    • Women and legal pluralism: Lessons from indigenous governance systems in the Andes 

      Barrera, Anna; Sieder, Rachel (Journal of Latin American Studies vol. 49 no. 3, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      The shift towards legally plural multicutural and pluri-national citizenship regimes in the Andes formally recognised indigenous peoples' community-based governance systems. These tend to emphasise participation, deliberation ...