Now showing items 1044-1063 of 1549

    • Project Leaf and addressing corruption in REDD+ 

      Standing, André; Stewart, Davyth (U4 Brief 2013:3, Report, 2013-09-11)
      Project Leaf (Law Enforcement Assistance for Forests) was launched on 5 June, 2012 – on World Environment Day. It is an initiative to counter various aspects of forest crime, including corruption, illegal logging and timber ...
    • Projectos de Construção Pública - Angola. Necessidade de fortificar as barreiras contra a corrupção 

      Søreide, Tina (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 6, Report, 2011-06-05)
      Entre o início de 2002 e 2009, o governo Angolano investiu cerca de 30,4 mil milhões de dólares americanos em novas infra-estruturas, hospitais, escolas e outros projectos de construção pública. Estes investimentos têm ...
    • Promoting defence management and security sector reform in Southern Africa. An assessment of SADSEM's achievements, impacts and future challenges 

      Tjønneland, Elling N.; Albertyn, Chris; Pere, Garth le; Heggstad, Kari; Vickers, Brendan (Research report, Research report, 2009)
      SADSEM – the Southern African Defence and Security Management Network – was launched in 2000 as an attempt to enhance democratic governance and the effectiveness of defence and security functions in Southern Africa. The ...
    • Promoting investment in small Caribbean states 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Villanger, Espen (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2004)
      This study performs an econometric analysis to determine the main policy levers for investment promotion in the Caribbean. The results provide the following policy advice to Caribbean policy makers seeking to increase ...
    • Promoting women's rights in Afghanistan: a call for less aid and more politics 

      Wimpelmann, Torunn (NOREF Policy Brief, Research report, 2012-11-01)
      To NATO countries, promoting women’s rights in Afghanistan is often framed as a choice between committing to high levels of aid for gender-related activities and an uncompromising public stance vis-à-vis the Afghan ...
    • Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania 

      Ali, Merima; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Katera, Lucas (CMI Insight 2018:01, Report, 2018-08-01)
      Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to taxpayers, and in principle ...
    • Property Taxation in Developing Countries 

      Ali, Merima; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Katera, Lucas (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1, Report, 2017-03-01)
      Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution, there is a growing eagerness among ...
    • Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania 

      Stølan, Andreas; Engebretsen, Benjamin; Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Somville, Vincent; Jahari, Cornel; Dupuy, Kendra (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10, Report, 2017-12-01)
      Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction. ...
    • Prospects for Tanzania's Mining Sector 

      Granberg, Per (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2000)
      The success of Tanzania's structural reform efforts will (inter alia) depend on its ability to generate foreign exchange incomes. Mineral exports seem a promising source of such incomes. Tanzania is reportedly well endowed ...
    • Protected Marine Reserves as Fisheries Management Tools: A Bioeconomic Analysis 

      Sumaila, Ussif Rashid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      This paper develops a dynamic computational bioeconomic model with the objective of assessing protected marine reserves as fisheries management tools. Data on the North East Atlantic cod stock are used to determine the ...
    • Protected tax havens: Cornering the market through international reform? 

      Kolstad, Ivar (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:7, Working paper, 2017-10-01)
      Since the year 2000, an international reform process has been underway to reduce the negative impacts of tax havens. This paper analyzes whether the reform period has favoured protected tax havens, i.e. havens with strong ...
    • Protection of civilians: Why they die in US strikes 

      Suhrke, Astri (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 7, Report, 2015-01-01)
      Read online The US military strike that devastated the MSF hospital in Kunduz in northern Afghanistan on 3 October generated profound, if short-lived, outrage in much of the world. The US government promised an ...
    • Protective Strategies in the 1990s: A Review of the Policy Discourses in UNHCR and the Executive Committee. Report prepared under a grant from the Research Programme on Forced Migration, the Research Council of Norway 

      Tjore, Gro (Research report, Research report, 1998)
      The study examines changing policy doctrines for protecting refugees, as reflected in the official documents of UNHCR and its Executive Committee (ExCom) composed of nation states. Collectively, the two bodies determine ...
    • Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations 

      Fazekas, Mihály; Tóth, Bence (U4 Brief 2017:6, Report, 2017-10-01)
      Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a proxy challenge competition ...
    • PRSP in Tanzania: Do Mkukuta and the CCm Election Manifesto Pull in the same Direction? 

      Selbervik, Hilde (Research report, Research report, 2006)
      The National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP), or what is more commonly referred to by the Kiswahili acronym Mkukuta, has been in effect since July 2005. It is a key document setting out a broad framework ...
    • Public Anthropology in Changing Times 

      Borofsky, Robert; De Lauri, Antonio (Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-01)
      Public anthropology is a collective aspiration shaped by generally shared values and intentions within significant sections of social and cultural anthropology. The impetus behind the creation of the journal Public ...
    • Public construction projects - Angola. A need to fortify the barriers against corruption 

      Søreide, Tina (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 5, Report, 2011-06-05)
      Between early 2002 and 2009 the Angolan government invested around $30.4 billion in new infrastructure, hospitals, schools and other public construction projects. These investments have been extraordinarily large against ...
    • Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys: Lessons from Tanzania 

      Sundet, Geir (U4 Brief 2007:14, Report, 2007-11-01)
      Whereas the successful application of PETS in Uganda has received and continues to receive a lot of attention, less has been written about the experiences of PETS elsewhere. The Tanzanian experience clearly shows that PETS ...
    • Public Sector Reform: What Works and Why? 

      Webb, S.; Casanegra, M.; Evans, A.; Fjeldstad, O.-H.; Isaksen, J.; Funke, I.; Webb, R.; Wescott, C. (IEG Evaluation Report, Research report, 2008-05-24)
      The main objective of this evaluation by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) is to help the World Bank learn how to contribute more effectively to public sector reform (PSR) in its member countries. The intended audience ...
    • Questioning the Secular-Religious Cleavage in Palestinian Politics: Comparing Fatah and Hamas 

      Løvlie, Frode (Politics and Religion vol. 7 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-01-01)
      Following the 2007 war between Fatah and Hamas, Palestinian politics appears to have followed the regional trend where the competition between secularism and Islamism is developing into a major political cleavage. Through ...