Now showing items 389-408 of 1573

    • Diversification of the Angolan economy 

      da Rocha, Alves; Santos, Regina; Bonfim, Luís; Paulo, Francisco Miguel; Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Insight 2014:5, Report, 2014-09-01)
      Angola has the second most concentrated economy in the world, oil representing more than 97 per cent of its exports in 2011. Concentration has increased since independence in 1975, and since the end of the civil war in ...
    • Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012 

      Dupuy, Kendra; Prakash, Aseem (Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-01)
      Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the ...
    • Do elections imply democracy or autocracy? 

      Rakner, Lise; Rønning, Helge (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 2, Report, 2010-03-25)
      Since the early 1990s, legislative and presidential multiparty elections have taken place in 42 out of Sub Saharan Africa’s 48 states. For a majority, fourth and fifth elections have now been convened, suggesting that ...
    • Do Interest Groups Matter in Economic Policy-Making? Reflections from a Zambian case study 

      Rakner, Lise (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1994)
      The current debate within development research strongly emphasise the role of interest groups in developing and sustaining democratic and liberal economic reforms. With this debate as its point of departure, the paper ...
    • Does Aid to Institution Development Work? Reflections on Personal Experiences 

      Nordbye, Ole David Koht (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      The author has spent dose to ten years as advisor to planning organisations in four developing countries: Pakistan, Kenya, the Sudan and Bangladesh. He raises the question whether the work of the advisory teams resulted ...
    • Does aid work? Reflections on a natural resources programme in Tanzania 

      Jansen, Eirik G. (U4 Issue 2009:2, Research report, 2009-03-30)
      A former programme officer at the Norwegian Embassy in Tanzania considers challenges to aid effectiveness in a major natural resources programme. After twelve years of support by the Norwegian government totalling about ...
    • Does changing the narrative improve host community attitudes to climate migrants? Experimental evidence from Bangladesh 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Bezu, Sosina; Lujala, Päivi; Mahmud, Minhaj; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:3, Working paper, 2019-01-01)
      A number of studies suggest that our narratives about the situation of the poor and vulnerable affect how we view them and treat them. Theoretically, a potentially powerful way to make host communities more welcoming of ...
    • Does democracy reduce corruption? 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (CMI Working Paper WP 2011:4, Working paper, 2011-12-12)
      While democracy is commonly believed to reduce corruption, there are obvious endogeneity problems in measuring the impact of democracy on corruption. This paper addresses the endogeneity of democracy by exploiting the ...
    • Does diversification improve institutions in resource rich countries? 

      Wiig, Arne; Kolstad, Ivar (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 5, Report, 2012-12-11)
      Angola is the world’s second most concentrated country in terms of exports. Furthermore, concentration has increased during recent years. Angola also faces the challenge of a resource curse prevalent in resource rich ...
    • Does Parliament Matter in New Democracies? The Case of South Africa 1994-2000 

      Mathisen, Harald W.; Tjønneland, Elling N. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      The role of parliaments is a neglected topic in the study of the democratisation in sub-Saharan Africa. This working paper provides a case study of the South African parliament from the first democratic elections in 1994 ...
    • Does Social Development Affect Poverty? The Role of Participation in Income Dynamics in Indonesia 1993-2000 

      Villanger, Espen (Research report, Research report, 2005)
      The objective of this study is to assess whether there are any effects on household income changes and poverty reduction in Indonesia from living in a community that has a more democratic system of decision making, or from ...
    • Does the Colombian constitutional court undermine the health system? 

      Gianella, Camila (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 7, Report, 2011-09-01)
      Is right-to-health litigation a suitable strategy for advancing the right to health, or does it reinforce inequalities and undermine health authorities in their attempts to control costs and set fair priorities? Colombia ...
    • Doing accountability differently. A proposal for the vertical integration of civil society monitoring and advocacy 

      Fox, Jonathan; Aceron, Joy; Guillán, Aránzazu (U4 Issue 2016:4, Research report, 2016-08-01)
      Civil society accountability initiatives that take into account power structures at multiple levels can produce more lasting institutional change, compared to locally-bounded initiatives that address the symptoms rather ...
    • Donor anti-corruption strategies: Learning from implementation 

      Hart, Liz; Taxell, Nils (U4 Brief 2013:10, Report, 2013-12-19)
      A comparison of U4 partner agencies’ anti-corruption strategies shows that while they take different shapes, their purpose, content and approach is similar. Emphasis is placed on safeguarding donor funds and guiding support ...
    • Donor roles in face of endemic corruption - Albania in the policy debate 

      Mathisen, Harald W. (U4 Report, Report, 2003-01-01)
    • Donor Support to Political Parties: Status and Principles 

      Amundsen, Inge (Research report, Research report, 2007)
      Political parties are indispensable for the functioning of liberal democracies. However, the political parties of many transitional and developing countries are not functioning well. This fact has led to increasing donor ...
    • Donors and "zero tolerance for corruption": From principle to practice 

      De Simone, Francesco; Taxell, Nils (U4 Brief 2014:2, Report, 2014-02-05)
      Bilateral donors often use “zero tolerance for corruption policies” to signal a tough stance against corruption, but staff often experience a lack of clarity on how to apply these policies in practice. Some multilateral ...
    • Draken i rommet 

      Iversen, Thor Olav (Others, 2012-09-05)
      An article about the lack of domestic political debate surrounding Norway's frosty relationship to China.
    • Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv; al-Nagar, Samia (Report, 2018-09-01)
      There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and protection of girls’ ...
    • Dying for information: Right to information and whistleblower protection in India 

      Pande, Suchi (U4 Brief 2015:3, Report, 2015-01-01)
      India's Right to Information Act is one of the most powerful in the world, but the increasing attacks on users of the law suggest a need for further measures. The results of an analysis of newspaper reports indicates the ...