Now showing items 21-40 of 331

    • Beaten by Bribery: Why not Blow the Whistle? 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      A recent business survey in Norway reveals that firms rarely react to corruption, even when they have lost important contracts as a result. This disinclination to take action is explored in the light of market structures, ...
    • Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency 

      Forstater, Maya (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3, Working paper, 2017-03-01)
      Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since ...
    • Between mutual suspicion and fear. Civil-military relations in Mexico 

      Pérez, Carlos Antonio Flores (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:11, Working paper, 2015-09-01)
      This CMI Working Paper focuses on the relationship between the military, civilian governments and civilian populations in Mexico. It highlights key dynamics since the Mexican revolution (1910-1917) and up until the Ayotzinapa ...
    • Beyond cultural relativism? Tim Ingold's "ontology of dwelling" 

      Knudsen, Are J. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      Tim Ingold has emerged as perhaps the most interesting theoretician of Man-Environment relations. This essay traces the intellectual history of the study of environmental perceptions and Ingolds rejection of the notion ...
    • Bistand og næringsutvikling. Noen kommentarer til St. meld. nr. 19 (1995-96) 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1996)
      St. meld. nr. 19 (1995-96) tar til orde for en sterkere binding av bistandsmidlene til norske eksportleveranser og norske investeringer i u-land. Meldingen tar videre til orde for at bistandssamarbeidet skal utvides til ...
    • Borderland dynamics in the Horn of Africa – Some reflections 

      Manger, Leif (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2015:1, Working paper, 2015-03-01)
      This paper is a broad ranging reflection of the general situation of crisis in the Horn of Africa region. Rather than carry out a conventional anthropological analysis in which local people and communities emerge as “heroes” ...
    • Bribes, taxes and regulations: Business constraints for micro enterprises in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Kolstad, Ivar; Nygaard, Knut (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      This paper analyses the business environment for micro enterprises in Tanzania based on survey data. The primary objective of the study is to identify major constraints facing the firms’ business operations. Taxation, ...
    • Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador 

      Ekern, Stener (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7, Working paper, 2018-06-01)
      On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’. Situated in the remote and poor province of Morazán, ...
    • Building fiscal capacity in developing countries: Evidence on the role of information technology 

      Ali, Merima; Shifa, Abdulaziz B.; Shimeles, Abebe; Woldeyes, Firew (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:12, Working paper, 2015-11-01)
      Limited fiscal capacity poses a significant challenge in developing countries. To mitigate this challenge, the adoption of electronic tax systems has been at the forefront of tax reforms; however, there is little systematic ...
    • Bureaucratic Complexity and Impacts of Corruption in Utilities 

      Tøndel, Line; Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2008)
      This paper explores how the relationship between bureaucratic complexity and corruption affects the performance in utilities. We observe considerable variation in the performance of the utilities across countries, also ...
    • Business Corruption, Uncertainty and Risk Aversion 

      Søreide, Tina (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2006)
      The presence of business-corruption in a market provokes firms to make choices between legal business approaches and illegal bribery. The outcome of a chosen strategy will usually be uncertain at the time the decision is ...
    • Can national identity be built on local democracy? 

      Pausewang, Siegfried (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      In Ethiopia, with 85 % of the population in agriculture, most of them illiterate, democratisation has to work against adverse experience: Peasants can refer back to democratic traditions on local level. But their experience ...
    • Cannibalism and the optimal sharing of the North-East Atlantic cod stock: A computation model 

      Armstrong, C.W.; Sumaila, U.R. (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1998)
      This paper shows how intra-stock relations, such as cannibalism and growth enhancement, define the optimal sharing of a fish resource between heterogeneous harve sting agents. The sharing of resources between different ...
    • Caste discrimination and barriers to microenterprise growth in Nepal 

      Villanger, Espen (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:9, Working paper, 2012-11-05)
      Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyzes how caste-based segmentation in the capital and labor markets can act as obstacles to ...
    • Caste, local networks and lucrative jobs: Evidence from rural Nepal 

      Hatlebakk, Magnus; Iversen, Vegard; Torsvik, Gaute (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2010)
      We study how local connections to persons in influential positions affect access to lucrative international migrant jobs and attractive government employment. In rural Nepal, it would not be surprising if social status, ...
    • Civil society and peace building in Sudan: A critical look 

      Assal, Munzoul A. M. (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:2, Working paper, 2016-05-01)
      Abstract The role of civil society organizations in peace making and peace building is often valorized, especially in countries that witness protracted conflicts. The assumption underlying this valorization is that while ...
    • Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East: A Literature Review 

      Kårtveit, Bård; Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:5, Working paper, 2014-07-01)
      In the 1950s and 1960s, a wave of military coups in the Middle East triggered extensive research on the role of military forces throughout the region. Since the early 1980s however, civil-military relations in the Middle ...
    • Civilian and Military Relations in Turkey: A Historical Survey 

      Kutay, Acar (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:11, Working paper, 2016-12-01)
      This CMI Working Paper presents an analysis of civilian-military relations in Turkey, casting light on institutional, legal and economic aspects that have shaped the military’s role in society. An assessment of contemporary ...
    • Civilians’ Survival Strategies amid Institutionalized Insecurity and Violence in the Nuba Mountains, Sudan 

      Komey, Guma Kunda (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:4, Working paper, 2016-09-01)
    • Colonial legacy, state-building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa 

      Ali, Merima; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Jiang, Boqian; Shifa, Abdulaziz B. (CMI Working Paper WP 2015:16, Working paper, 2015-01-01)
      Ethnicity has received increased attention in studies of Africa's economic and institutional development. We present evidence on the long-term effects of Britain's "divide-and-rule" colonial strategy that deliberately ...