• Dilemmas of fiscal decentralisation: A study of local government taxation in Tanzania 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Semboja, Joseph (Forum for Development Studies vol. 27 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2000-01-01)
      Local taxes represent less than 5 percent of total tax revenues in Tanzania. However, the large number of these taxes, together with their unsatisfactory nature, means that their economic, political and social impacts are ...
    • Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012 

      Dupuy, Kendra; Prakash, Aseem (Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-01)
      Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the ...
    • Doing global investments the Nordic way. The 'business case' for Equinor’s support to union work among its employees in Tanzania 

      Lange, Siri (Focaal: Journal of Global and Historical Anthropology vol. 88, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-01)
      In the Nordic countries, unions are represented in company boards and can infl uence companies’ policies toward labor abroad. Th is article focuses on the Norwegian national oil company Equinor and its support of ...
    • Effect of Paying for Performance on Utilisation, Quality, and User Costs of Health Services in Tanzania: A Controlled Before and After Study 

      Binyaruka, Peter; Patouillard, Edith; Powell-Jackson, Timothy; Greco, Giulia; Mæstad, Ottar; Borghi, Josephine (PlosONE vol. 10 no. 8, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-01)
      Despite widespread implementation across Africa, there is limited evidence of the effect of payment for performance (P4P) schemes in low income countries on the coverage of quality services and affordability, consistent ...
    • Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania 

      Mayumana, Iddy; Borghi, Jo; Anselmi, Laura; Mamdani, Masuma; Lange, Siri (Social Science & Medicine vol. 179, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P in Tanzania on internal and ...
    • Elite Capture Through Information Distortion: A Theoretical Essay 

      Platteau, Jean-Philippe; Somville, Vincent; Wahhaj, Zaki (Journal of Development Economics vol. 106, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-01-01)
      We investigate donor-beneficiary relationships in participatory development programs, where (i) communities are heterogeneous and dominated by the local elite, (ii) the elite strategically propose a project to the donor, ...
    • Empresas multinacionais e instituições do país anfitrião: Um estudo de caso das actividades de RSE em Angola 

      Wiig, Arne; Kolstad, Ivar (International Business Review vol. 19 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010-01-01)
      Embora as instituições sejam importantes para o desenvolvimento económico, particularmente em países ricos em recursos, a interacção entre empresas multinacionais e as instituições do país anfitrião não é inteiramente ...
    • Enemies of the state: Curbing women activists advocating rape reform in Sudan 

      Tønnessen, Liv (Journal of International Women's Studies vol. 18 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      Sudanese women activists launched a legal campaign in 2009 calling attention to how the country’s Sharia based Criminal Act of 1991 produced impunity for sexual assault in the Darfur conflict. After years of mobilization, ...
    • Enhancing Public Service Ethics in Bangladesh: Dilemmas and Deterrents 

      Kim, Pan-Suk; Monem, Mobasser; Baniamin, Hasan Muhammad (Journal article, 2014-05-01)
      There may be many factors that diminish or destroy trust in governmental institutions. However, none may destroy trust easier or faster than unethical behavior or blatant corruption by public officials. Bangladesh is rated ...
    • Entangled Biographies: Rebuilding a Sasak House 

      Telle, Kari (Ethnos vol. 72 June 2007 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2007-01-01)
      The concept of ‘compatibility' has a particular salience in many Indonesian societies. This article examines ‘compatibility' with reference to person-house relationships on the island of Lombok. Examining a case where ...
    • Entre loi et coutumes. L'interconnexion normative dans les cours de justice de Kaboul 

      De Lauri, Antonio (Diogène vol. 239-240, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-01-01)
      Le système juridique afghan est formé de pratiques coutumiè-res, de principes de la shari‘a, de lois promulguées par l’État et denormes internationales. Cet arsenal a généralement été étudié enprêtant une attention ...
    • Ethiopia After Meles: Stability for How Long? 

      Aalen, Lovise (Journal article, 2014-05-01)
      When Meles Zenawi, the national and ruling party leader for 21 years, died in August 2012, most observers predicted that Ethiopia would be thrown into an uncertain transition and put in great danger by destructive internal ...
    • Ethiopian state support to insurgency in Southern Sudan from 1962 to 1983: local, regional and global connections 

      Aalen, Lovise (Journal of Eastern African Studies vol. 8 no. 4, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-01)
      During the 1960s and 1970s, the Government of Ethiopia supplied Southern Sudanese insurgents with arms, training and political support. This support has been explained as retribution for Sudanese aid to Eritrean rebels ...
    • Explaining Hamas's Changing Electoral Strategy, 1996-2006 

      Løvlie, Frode (Government and Opposition vol. 48 no. 4, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-01-01)
      Hamas, the most influential Islamist party in the occupied Palestinian territories, replaced its strategy of electoral boycott in 1996 with participation in 2006 – a change not explained in the literature. Assisted by party ...
    • Explaining municipal governance in Kosovo: local agency, credibility and party patronage 

      Jackson, David (Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-01)
      What can explain the varied effectiveness of internationally led attempts at statebuilding? This article seeks to answer this question by comparing the contrasting trajectories of governance in two municipalities in Kosovo: ...
    • Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan 

      Sulieman, Hussein M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-01)
      The persistent policy of successive Sudanese governments in favouring large-scale agricultural investments at the expense of traditional land use is creating material differences among significant groups of the population. ...
    • Faith on Trial: Blasphemy and 'lawfare' in Indonesia 

      Telle, Kari (Ethnos, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-01)
      This article develops the argument that blasphemy trials occupy a pivotal role in ‘religion-making’ in post-1998 Indonesia. Examining a blasphemy trial on the island of Lombok in 2010, I argue that the process of democratization ...
    • Female Autonomy and Fertility in Nepal 

      Gudbrandsen, Njård Håkon (South Asia Economic Journal vol. 14 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-05-01)
      We explore the effect of female autonomy on individual fertility in Nepal. We find that families where wives have high level of autonomy have fewer children than other families. Using gender of the first child as a natural ...
    • Fighting fiscal corruption: Lessons from the Tanzania Revenue Authority 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (Public Administration and Development vol. 23 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2003-01-01)
      Over the last decade several African countries have undertaken comprehensive reforms of their tax administration to increase revenue and curb corruption. This paper examines recent experiences in the fight against corruption ...
    • Fighting for Prosperity: Reflections on the Crisis and Politics of Poverty in Bolivia 

      McNeish, John-Andrew (Iberoamericana. Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies vol. 36 no. 2, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2006-01-01)