• Uncorking the bottlenecks: Using political economy analysis to address court delay 

      Messick, Richard E. (U4 Brief 2015:10, Report, 2015-08-01)
      Long delays in the resolution of court cases are a common problem in both developing and developed countries and impede anti-corruption efforts. Technical solutions such as hiring more judges and reforming cumbersome ...
    • Underdevelopment and labour migration: the contract labour system in Namibia 

      Moorsom, Richard (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1997)
      This volume reproduces, with minor changes, a set of previously published papers on the history of the origins, formation and evolution of the contract labour system in Namibia from first commercial contact with industrial ...
    • Understanding success and failure of anti-corruption initiatives 

      Heeks, Richard (U4 Brief 2011:2, Report, 2011-04-01)
      Most anti-corruption initiatives fail. This Brief sets out to understand why that is, and what might be done about it. Anti-corruption initiatives fail because of over-large “design-reality gaps”; that is, too great a ...
    • Understanding the Lay of the Land: An Institutional Analysis of Petro-Governance in Tanzania 

      Lee, Bryan; Dupuy, Kendra (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:12, Working paper, 2016-12-01)
      Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum reserves, boosting its reserve natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. What is the likelihood that the country’s petroleum resources will translate into ...
    • Understanding the Private Side of Corruption: New Kinds of Transparency, New Roles for Donors 

      Johnston, Michael (U4 Brief 2007:6, Report, 2007-10-09)
      Do we know enough about corruption in the private sector? This Brief discusses gaps in our knowledge and how donors can help tackle the problem. The goal is to improve both the dialogue and outcomes of anti-corruption ...
    • Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Mmari, Donald; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem; Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:5, Working paper, 2018-01-01)
      Corruption appears to be an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. We report from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania that provides causal evidence on how expectations about future natural ...
    • Une éducation sans corruption : Les leçons tirées d'une initiative conjointe entre l'Etat et la société civile au Pérou 

      Castilla, Samuel Rotta (U4 Brief 2009:13, Report, 2009-08-13)
      Une initiative anti‑corruption récente ciblant le secteur éducatif du Pérou a été lancée conjointement par le Bureau du Médiateur et le Chapitre péruvien de Transparency International, Proética. Cette initiative cherchait ...
    • Unfulfilled hopes. The quest for a minimum marriage age in Yemen, 2009–2014 

      Bang, Anne K. (CMI Report R 2016:3, Research report, 2016-05-01)
      The project Women’s Human Rights and Law Reform in the Muslim World seeks to map family and criminal law reforms in the period 1995-2015 in Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia ...
    • Ungrateful children: migration intensity and remittances in Nepal 

      Libois, François; Somville, Vincent (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:8, Working paper, 2014-07-01)
      Poverty has declined dramatically in Nepal since the end of the conflict. The sharp increase in revenues primarily comes from remittances. From a household’s perspective, choosing the appropriate number of migrants is ...
    • Universitet og forskning i Sør-Afrika. Utfordringar etter apartheid og akademisk boikott 

      Tjønneland, Elling Njål (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 1992)
      Dette notatet gir ein gjennomgang av universitets- og forskingssektoren i Sør-Afrika. Hovudutfordringane for universiteta i eit nytt og demokratisk Sør-Afrika blir identifisert, og forskingas rolle og organisering av denne ...
    • Unpacking the concept of political will to confront corruption 

      Brinkerhoff, Derick W. (U4 Brief 2010:1, Report, 2010-05-14)
      Quite often, "lack of political will" is identified as the culprit for poorly performing anti-corruption programmes. Yet despite the frequency with which it is used to explain unsatisfactory reform outcomes, political will ...
    • Unpleasant homecoming: The predicament of returning pastoralists from South Sudan to Aljabalain Area, White Nile State 

      Abdul-Jalil, Musa Adam (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2018:1, Working paper, 2018-04-01)
      In many countries around the world (especially in Africa), the livelihood of pastoralists depends largely on trekking over vast areas of land in constant search of water and pasture for their animals. This nomadic life ...
    • Unready for REDD+? Lessons from corruption in Ugandan conservation areas 

      Cavanagh, Connor (U4 Brief 2012:3, Report, 2012-06-05)
      This U4 Brief extracts lessons from recent Ugandan experiences with conservation areas and corruption. A case involving the World Bank/Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Ugandan Ministry of Trade, Tourism, and Industry ...
    • Updating the Input Output based Macmod functions 

      Granberg, Per (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2002)
      The present paper reports on a statistical effort undertaken for the Macmod project. It reports on the revision and updating of the Tanzanian Input-Output table for 1992. These IO activities are undertaken in order to ...
    • Urban Dimensions of Donors' Poverty-Reduction Strategies 

      Tostensen, Arne (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2002)
      This paper examines the extent to which the poverty-reduction strategies of selected multilateral and bilateral donors incorporate an urban poverty dimension. Key policy documents of multilaterals such as the World Bank, ...
    • Urban poverty and inequality in Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 17, Report, 2016-11-01)
      This brief shows that the poor in Angola’s capital Luanda are effectively trapped in poverty through material deficiencies, limited income opportunities and with crime and prostitution sometimes being the only way out. At ...
    • Urban poverty in Luanda, Angola 

      Tvedten, Inge; Lázaro, Gilson; Jul-Larsen, Eyolf; Agostinho, Mateus (CMI Report R 2018:6, Research report, 2018-04-01)
      Angola’s capital Luanda is a city of stark inequalities and contrasts. While it offers opportunities and wealth for the few, people in the informal musseques are effectively trapped in poverty through limited income ...
    • Urban space and poverty in Maputo, Mozambique 

      Tvedten, Inge; Roque, Sandra; Bertelsen, Bjørn Enge (CMI Brief vol. vol 12 no. 2, Report, 2013-06-01)
      This is the first of a series of policy briefs relating to a research project, “The Ethnography of a Divided City: Socio-politics, Poverty and Gender in Maputo, Mozambique” (2012–2015), funded by the Norwegian Research ...
    • Using Corruption Risk Assessments for REDD+: An Introduction for Practitioners 

      Williams, Aled (U4 Issue 2014:1, Research report, 2014-01-03)
      Corruption Risk Assessments (CRAs) are both an analytic and due diligence exercise to identify issues associated with, contributing to, or otherwise facilitating corruption in a particular setting. An area where improved ...
    • Using financial performance indicators to promote transparency and accountability in health systems 

      Vian, Taryn; Collins, David (U4 Brief 2006:1, Report, 2006-01-01)
      This case-based brief presents experiences of district health management teams in South Africa, where interventions to improve district health planning and reporting, including the integration of financial data and service ...